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Posterior direct decompression and fusion of the lower thoracic and lumbar fractures with neurological deficit

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. PURPOSE: To analyze the treatment outcome of patients with lower thoracic and lumbar fractures combined with neurological deficits. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Although various methods of the surgical treatment for lower thoracic and lumbar fractures are used, there has been no surgical treatment established as a superior option than others. METHODS: Between March 2001 and August 2009, this study enrolled 13 patients with lower thoracic and lumbar fractures who underwent spinal canal decompression by removing posteriorly displaced bony fragments via the posterior approach and who followed up for more than a year. We analyzed the difference between the preoperative and postoperative extents of canal encroachment, degrees of neurologic deficits and changes in the local kyphotic angle. RESULTS: The average age of the patients was 37 years. There were 10 patients with unstable burst factures and 3 patients with translational injuries. Canal encroachment improved from preoperative average of 84% to 9% postoperatively. Local kyphosis also improved from 20.5 degrees to 1.5 degrees . In 92% (12/13) of the patients, neurologic deficit improved more than Frankel grade 1 and an average improvement of 1.7 grade was observed. Deterioration of neurologic symptoms was not observed. Although some loss of reduction of kyphotic deformity was observed at the final follow-up, serious complications were not observed. CONCLUSIONS: When posteriorly displaced bony fragments were removed by the posterior approach, neurological recovery could be facilitated by adequate decompression without serious complications. The posterior direct decompression could be used as one of treatments for lower thoracic and lumbar fractures combined with neurologic injuries

Keywords : complications,Decompression,injuries,Kyphosis,methods,Patients,Retrospective Studies,Spinal Canal,surgery,Treatment Outcome,Universities,, Direct,Decompression,Fusion, epidural cost uk

Date of Publication : 2011 Sep

Authors : Jun DS;Yu CH;Ahn BG;

Organisation : Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Gil Medical Center, Gachon University of Medicine and Science, Incheon, Korea

Journal of Publication : Asian Spine J

Pubmed Link : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21892386

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