Perioperative Cost Analysis of Minimally Invasive vs Open Resection of Intradural Extramedullary Spinal Cord Tumors.
Neurosurgery. 2015 Oct 27;
Authors: Fontes RB, Wewel JT, O?Toole JE
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive spinal surgery (MIS) has emerged as a clinically effective tool but its cost-effectiveness remains unclear. No studies have compared MIS vs open surgical techniques for the treatment of intradural extramedullary (IDEM) tumors.
OBJECTIVE: To analyze and compare open and MIS techniques for resection of IDEM tumors, with focus on perioperative costs.
METHODS: Retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected database including 35 IDEM patients (18 open, 17 MIS). Perioperative data, hospital costs, and hospital and physician charges for in-hospital services associated with the index surgical procedure and readmissions within 90 days were compared.
RESULTS: Mean estimated blood loss, operative time, preoperative hospital charges, and physician fees were similar between open and MIS techniques. Patient and tumor characteristics were similar between groups. MIS cases were associated with shorter intensive care unit and floor stay. There were 3 complications in the open group, requiring 2 readmissions and 1 reoperation. Hospital costs ($21?307.80 open, $15?015.20 MIS, P < .01), and postoperative ($75?383.48 open, $56?006.88 MIS, P < .01) and total charges ($100?779.38 open, $76?100.92 MIS, P < .01) were significantly lower in the MIS group. There were no tumor recurrences in either group. All patients except for one in the open group maintained or improved their Nurick score.
CONCLUSION: Both MIS and open techniques were able to adequately treat IDEM tumors. Reductions in complication rate and intensive care unit and hospital stay led to a decrease in hospital costs of almost 30% in the MIS group. MIS resection of IDEM tumors is not only an effective and safe option, but allows faster hospital discharge and significant cost savings.
ABBREVIATIONS: EBL, estimated blood lossICU, intensive care unitIDEM, intradural extramedullaryMIS, Minimally invasive spinal surgery.
PMID: 26509643 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]