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Percutaneous versus open posterior stabilization and decompression in AOSpine-type A3 thoracolumbar fractures with neurological deficit Research Article

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CONCLUSIONS: Both treatment strategies are safe and effective; however, MIS could provide earlier pain relief and better functional outcomes compared with OS.
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BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2023 May 15;24(1):385. doi: 10.1186/s12891-023-06486-8.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This retrospective cohort study aimed to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes between two treatment strategies focusing on non-osteoporotic AOSpine-type A3 fractures of the thoracolumbar spine with neurological deficits at levels T11 to L2.

METHODS: In total, 67 patients between 18 and 60 years of age who were treated operatively with either of the two treatment strategies were included. One treatment strategy included open posterior stabilization and decompression, whereas the other was based on percutaneous posterior stabilization and decompression via a tubular retraction system. Demographic data, surgical variables, and further parameters were assessed. Patient-reported outcomes (PROs), including the Visual Analog Scale (VAS), the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) impairment score, were measured to assess functional outcomes. The regional Cobb angle (CA), the anterior height ratio of the fractured vertebrae (AHRV), and the degree of canal encroachment (DCE) were assessed. The ASIA score was used to assess neurological function recovery. The follow-up period was at least 12 months.

RESULTS: Surgical time and postoperative hospital stay were significantly shorter in the minimally invasive surgery (MIS) group. Intraoperative blood loss was significantly less in the MIS group. Regarding radiological outcome, CA and AHRV at the time of follow-up did not show a significant difference. DCE at the time of follow-up was significantly improved in the MIS group. Lower VAS scores and better ODIs were observed in the MIS group at the 6-month follow-up, but similar outcomes were observed at the 12-month follow-up. The ASIA score was similar between both groups at the 12-month follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS: Both treatment strategies are safe and effective; however, MIS could provide earlier pain relief and better functional outcomes compared with OS.

PMID:37189088 | PMC:PMC10184407 | DOI:10.1186/s12891-023-06486-8

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Percutaneous versus open posterior stabilization and decompression in AOSpine-type A3 thoracolumbar fractures with neurological deficit

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BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2023 May 15;24(1):385. doi: 10.1186/s12891-023-06486-8.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: This retrospective cohort study aimed to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes between two treatment strategies focusing on non-osteoporotic AOSpine-type A3 fractures of the thoracolumbar spine with neurological deficits at levels T11 to L2.METHODS: In total, 67 patients between 18 and 60 years of age who were…

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