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Observations Of Bony Ongrowth And Clinical Fixation In Two Retrieved Disc Replacements London Spine

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Published article

Total disc replacements utilize textured coatings to maximize bony ongrowth. However, the contribution of direct bony attachment to overall fixation for total disc replacements has not been reported. The goal of the present study was to document the extent of bony attachment to the surfaces of two clinically functional total disc replacements that were securely fixed at the time of revision. Two metal-and-polymeric disc replacements, one cervical and one lumbar, were evaluated following surgical…
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Abstract

Total disc replacements utilize textured coatings to maximize bony ongrowth. However, the contribution of direct bony attachment to overall fixation for total disc replacements has not been reported. The goal of the present study was to document the extent of bony attachment to the surfaces of two clinically functional total disc replacements that were securely fixed at the time of revision. Two metal-and-polymeric disc replacements, one cervical and one lumbar, were evaluated following surgical retrieval. The cervical device was retrieved at 8 months and the lumbar device at 28 months post-operative. Both devices were reported well-fixed at the time of removal, with large bone masses attached to one endplate of each device. Visual inspections, non-destructive gravimetric measurements, and surface metrology were performed to assess fixation. These inspections suggested that both devices had been fixed at the time of removal with little in vivo mechanical damage, as surgical extraction damage was noted on both devices and provided imaging showed a lack of device migration. Devices were then embedded and sectioned to evaluate the bone-implant interface. High resolution photographs and contact microradiographs were taken to assess bony attachment. In contrast to initial analysis, these images revealed radiolucent gaps between the endplates and bone masses. Little direct contact between the bone and endplate surface was identified and the original surgical cuts were still visible. Both devices were clinically fixed at the time of removal and neither had complications associated with loosening. However, osseointegration was minimal in one of the devices and altogether absent from the other. The findings of the present study suggest that other factors may influence overall clinical fixation such as the surgical preparation of the vertebral bone or the surface roughness of the treated endplates. Despite the limitations of the present study, this information is unique to the current total disc replacement literature and the ongrowth and fixation of devices should be considered as a topic for future investigation.

Keywords: cervical disc replacement; implant fixation; lumbar disc replacement; retrieval analysis; titanium plasma-spray.

The London Spine Unit : innovative spine centre in UK

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Observations of bony ongrowth and clinical fixation in two retrieved disc replacements

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Abstract Total disc replacements utilize textured coatings to maximize bony ongrowth. However, the contribution of direct bony attachment to overall fixation for total disc replacements has not been reported. The goal of the present study was to document the extent of bony attachment to the surfaces of two clinically functional total disc replacements that were…

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