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Neurophysiological changes in deformity correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with intraoperative skull-femoral traction

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of 36 consecutive patients undergoing coronal plane deformity correction with intraoperative skull-femoral traction between 2005 and 2008 with motor evoked potential (MEP)/somatosensory evoked potential monitoring. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and significance of neurophysiological changes with intraoperative skull-femoral traction in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Intraoperative skeletal traction can be associated with spinal cord stretching and ischemia with resultant electrophysiological changes. The prevalence and risks of such changes and their clinical significance is unknown. METHODS: Thirty-seven procedures involving 36 patients (27 females and 9 males) with a mean age of 14.8 (12-18) years were divided into two groups on the basis of the presence (group 1, n = 18 procedures) or absence (group 2, n = 19) of significant MEP changes with surgery. They were compared with patients undergoing correction without traction (group 3). RESULTS: Significant differences among the groups were observed in mean preoperative Cobb angle (86 degrees vs. 70 degrees vs. 59 degrees ), mean intraoperative posttraction Cobb angle (50.0 degrees vs. 34.6 degrees ), traction index (0.41 vs. 0.50), flexibility index (0.14 vs. 0.27 vs. 0.25), and presence of primary lumbar curves (0% vs. 32% vs. 14%). Initial onset of MEP amplitude loss (group 1) occurred at a mean of 94 (1-257) minutes from the onset of surgery, was bilateral in 13 procedures, and improved at a mean of 5.5 (1-29) minutes after decreasing or removing the traction. At closure, complete bilateral recovery to baseline was observed in 10 procedures, recovery to >50% baseline in five, and recovery to <50% baseline in three procedures. There were no neurologic deficits in this series. CONCLUSION: Intraoperative traction is associated with frequent changes in MEP monitoring. The thoracic location of the major curve, increasing Cobb angle, and rigidity of major curve are significant risk factors for changes in MEP with traction. The presence of any MEP recordings irrespective of its amplitude at closure was associated with normal neurological function. Somatosensory evoked potential monitoring did not correlate with the traction induced MEP amplitude changes Keywords : Adolescent,adverse effects,Canada,Child,diagnosis,diagnostic imaging,epidemiology,Female,Humans,instrumentation,Ischemia,Male,methods,Orthopedic Procedures,pathology,Patients,Prevalence,Radiography,Retrospective Studies,Risk,Risk Factors,Scoliosis,Spinal Cord,Spinal Cord Injuries,Spine,surgery,Traction,, Changes,Deformity,Correction, cymbalta weight loss stories

Date of Publication : 2011 Sep 15

Authors : Lewis SJ;Gray R;Holmes LM;Strantzas S;Jhaveri S;Zaarour C;Magana S;

Organisation : Hospital for the Sick Children, Toronto, Canada. Stephen.Lewis@uhn.on.ca

Journal of Publication : Spine (Phila Pa 1976 )

Pubmed Link : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21897186

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