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Minimally invasive swine spine surgery training: technical aspects, benefits, and anatomical limitations Research Article

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Published article

CONCLUSION: A porcine model for simulation of minimally invasive spinal surgical techniques had similarities with surgery on humans, and is therefore feasible for surgeon training.
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Einstein (Sao Paulo). 2022 Feb 16;20:eAO6318. doi: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2022AO6318. eCollection 2022.

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To describe the technical specificities and feasibility of simulation of minimally invasive spine surgery in live pigs, as well as similarities and differences in comparison to surgery in humans.

METHODS: A total of 22 Large White class swine models, weighing between 60 and 80kg, were submitted to surgical simulations, performed during theoretical-practical courses for training surgical techniques (microsurgical and endoscopic lumbar decompression; percutaneous pedicular instrumentation; lateral access to the thoracic spine, and anterior and retroperitoneal to the lumbar spine, and management of complications) by 86 spine surgeons. For each surgical technique, porcine anatomy (similarities and differences in relation to human anatomy), access route, and dimensions of the instruments and implants used were evaluated. Thus, the authors describe the feasibility of each operative simulation, as well as suggestions to optimize training. Study results are descriptive, with figures and drawings.

RESULTS: Neural decompression surgeries (microsurgeries and endoscopic) and pedicular instrumentation presented higher similarities to surgery on humans. On the other hand, intradiscal procedures had limitations due to the narrow disc space in swines. We were able to simulate situations of surgical trauma in surgical complication scenarios, such as cerebrospinal fluid fistulas and excessive bleeding, with comparable realism to surgery on humans.

CONCLUSION: A porcine model for simulation of minimally invasive spinal surgical techniques had similarities with surgery on humans, and is therefore feasible for surgeon training.

PMID:35195190 | DOI:10.31744/einstein_journal/2022AO6318

The London Spine Unit : most specialised spinal centre in London

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Minimally invasive swine spine surgery training: technical aspects, benefits, and anatomical limitations

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Einstein (Sao Paulo). 2022 Feb 16;20:eAO6318. doi: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2022AO6318. eCollection 2022.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: To describe the technical specificities and feasibility of simulation of minimally invasive spine surgery in live pigs, as well as similarities and differences in comparison to surgery in humans.METHODS: A total of 22 Large White class swine models, weighing between 60 and 80kg, were submitted…

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