Minimally Invasive Spinal decompression and fusion or spinal arthrodesis are two common surgical procedures that can be performed using a classic or minimally invasive surgical approach using smaller incisions.
In spinal decompression, the surgeon removes the bone and/or disc material that presses the nerves in your spine, which are the cause of the pain.
On the other hand, in spinal fusion surgery, two vertebral bones fuse together. Implants allow to keep the vertebral bones in place and prevent painful movements.
Minimally invasive surgery versus traditional surgery
A traditional spine surgery usually requires long incisions in the back. The muscles are cut and separated from the spine to give access to the area.
Minimally invasive spinal surgery requires small incisions in the back. Moreover, surgeons use special instruments, such as intraoperative radiographs, microscopes and tubular retractors.
Both types of surgery are aimed to relieve back or leg pain. However, minimally invasive spinal surgery attempts to cut as little muscle as possible.
Minimally invasive surgery has many advantages over traditional spinal surgery:
- Smaller incisions.
- Less blood loss during the operation.
- Smaller scars.
- Shorter hospitalization.
- Less pain and medication for pain during recovery.
- Faster return to work and daily activities.
Minimally invasive spinal surgery carries the same risks as any general surgery. Complications such as infection, pain and nerve damage may occur, although they are very rare in expert hands. Talk to the surgeon to make sure you understand the risks and benefits of the minimally invasive spine treatment that has been recommended for you.
At The London Spine Unit, The Harley Street Hospital, we have some of the best specialists to perform this surgical procedure. Book an appointment to get a check up.
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