[Minimally invasive approach and surgical procedures in the lumbar spine].
Orthopade. 1997 Jun;26(6):553-61
Authors: Ogon M, Maurer H, Wimmer C, Landauer F, Sterzinger W, Krismer M
The history of minimally invasive lumbar spine surgery began in 1963 with the introduction of chemonucleolysis. Like this technique, the later development of mechanical nucleotomy and lasernucleotomy aimed primarily at reduction of the disc pressure. Miniature optical systems offered the opportunity for more specific decompression by discoscopy or, more recently, by transforaminal epiduroscopy. Initially, nucleotomy was the only feasible minimally invasive procedure. In recent years, however, minimally invasive spinal fusion became possible due to the development of new devices (Cages) and advanced transperitoneal (laparoscopic) and retroperitoneal approaches.
PMID: 9333744 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]