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Microdiscectomy Under Local Anesthesia and Spinal Block in a Pregnant Female Research Article

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Published article

The surgical plan and the anesthetic approach are vital in determining the proper treatment of lumbar disc herniation in pregnancy. The diagnostic tools available, as well as the anesthetic agents and methods of delivery, vary in pregnant patients due to factors such as radiation exposure and hemodynamics in the patient and fetus. The gestational age also plays an important role in determining treatment options. When possible, surgery should be avoided during the first trimester, especially…
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Cureus. 2021 Dec 7;13(12):e20241. doi: 10.7759/cureus.20241. eCollection 2021 Dec.

ABSTRACT

The surgical plan and the anesthetic approach are vital in determining the proper treatment of lumbar disc herniation in pregnancy. The diagnostic tools available, as well as the anesthetic agents and methods of delivery, vary in pregnant patients due to factors such as radiation exposure and hemodynamics in the patient and fetus. The gestational age also plays an important role in determining treatment options. When possible, surgery should be avoided during the first trimester, especially during the period of organogenesis, as general anesthesia can interfere with this process. However, when focal neurological deficits are present, urgent surgical decompression may be necessary. In such cases, the selection of anesthesia must be guided by maternal indications and the nature of the surgery. Maternal safety and avoidance of fetal hypoxia and subsequent preterm labor are crucial when pregnant patients receive anesthesia. As a result, local anesthesia is often preferred when possible due to the decreased risk of systemic toxicity. Decompression surgery in pregnant females with lumbar disc herniation, using a multidisciplinary approach among the surgeon, obstetrician, and anesthesiologist, is an effective and safe procedure for both the mother and the fetus. We present the case of a pregnant female at four weeks of gestation who presented with lower back pain radiating down her right leg. MRI of the lumbar spine showed large L4-5 disc herniation. She underwent a successful right L4-5 microdiscectomy under local anesthesia and spinal block using bupivacaine and was completely awake throughout the procedure. Postoperatively, she experienced immediate improvement of symptoms.

PMID:35004056 | PMC:PMC8735709 | DOI:10.7759/cureus.20241

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Microdiscectomy Under Local Anesthesia and Spinal Block in a Pregnant Female

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Cureus. 2021 Dec 7;13(12):e20241. doi: 10.7759/cureus.20241. eCollection 2021 Dec.ABSTRACTThe surgical plan and the anesthetic approach are vital in determining the proper treatment of lumbar disc herniation in pregnancy. The diagnostic tools available, as well as the anesthetic agents and methods of delivery, vary in pregnant patients due to factors such as radiation exposure and hemodynamics…

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