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Median sternotomy and ventral stabilisation using pins and polymethylmethacrylate for a comminuted T5 vertebral fracture in a Miniature Schnauzer

A 2.9 kg Miniature Schnauzer was referred to our clinic, the Emergency & Critical Care Medicine Service at the Michigan State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital, following a dog fight. Physical examination findings upon admission included multiple thoracic wounds, absence of hindlimb deep pain, and marked Schiff-Sherrington syndrome. Computed tomography imaging revealed thoracic wall penetration and a comminuted T5 vertebral fracture. Thoracic exploration and thoracic wall repair were performed through a median sternotomy. The vertebral fracture was exposed and stabilised intra-thoracically through the same approach using pins and polymethylmethacrylate. The pins were placed percutaneously into the vertebral bodies of the adjacent vertebrae. Recovery was uncomplicated and fracture healing was documented eight weeks postoperatively. Spinal trauma secondary to dog fights is relatively common. The presence of concurrent penetrating thoracic injury negatively affects prognosis and necessitates thoracic exploration as soon as feasible. The approach should allow complete thoracic exploration to repair parietal and visceral damage, thus indicating the need for median sternotomy rather than an intercostal approach. The present case report suggested that median sternotomy can be used to safely apply stabilisation devices for the treatment of concurrent spinal trauma. Direct visualisation of the vertebral bodies permitted optimal implant anchorage as compared to potentially more hazardous techniques such as dorsal pinning

Keywords : Animals,Bone Nails,Dog Diseases,Dogs,Fracture Fixation,Internal,Fractures,Comminuted,injuries,methods,Pain,pathology,Physical Examination,Polymethyl Methacrylate,Prognosis,Spine,Sternotomy,surgery,Syndrome,therapeutic use,Thoracic Injuries,United States,veterinary,, Sternotomy,Ventral,Stabilisation,Using, london back clinic

Date of Publication : 2011

Authors : Guiot LP;Allman DA;

Organisation : Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, United States. guiotlau@cvm.msu.edu

Journal of Publication : Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol

Pubmed Link : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21274501

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