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[Malignant rhabdoid tumor of the lung].

[Malignant rhabdoid tumor of the lung].

Rev Mal Respir. 2016 Aug 29;

Authors: Zysman M, Clement-Duchene C, Bastien C, Vaillant P, Martinet Y

INTRODUCTION: Rhabdoid tumours usually develop in brain and spinal cord or kidney; they are highly malignant neoplasms that typically arise in infancy and early childhood. However, rare cases of pulmonary localization have been described, particularly among young adults.
CASE REPORT: A 26-year-old man, smoker, had a right apical lung mass associated with a Pancoast syndrome leading to haemoptysis. There was also a tumour of the left thigh and scalp. Histological samples taken at these three locations were in favour of an undifferentiated carcinoma. The lack of nuclear integrase interactor 1 expression, and immunohistochemical appearance supported the diagnosis of rhabdoid tumour. Despite treatment, unfavourable progression confirmed this hypothesis, doubling time was less than six weeks with development of multiple metastases resulted in death within only three months after diagnosis.
CONCLUSION: The lack of expression of integrase interactor 1 should suggest the diagnosis of rhabdoid tumour, especially when there is quick progression. The prognosis of these tumours remains poor and therapeutic options are limited.

PMID: 27595391 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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