Discectomy is a technique for operating on herniated discs. It consists of exclusively extracting the herniated disc material, without breaking or extracting the vertebral bone.
The scientific studies carried out show that discectomy is effective for the surgical treatment of cases of a herniated disc.
What is microdiscectomy?
It is a discectomy performed with a very small incision and surgical manipulation. Therefore, to see the surgical field during the surgery, a microscope is necessary. It is less aggressive than a discectomy, and requires a very short recovery period.
When is microdiscectomy necessary?
Microdiscectomy is effective for the surgical treatment of cases of a herniated disc. In cases that really should be operated, and when it is technically possible to use this technique, microdiscectomy is the procedure of choice. It obtains results similar to those of discectomy.
Besides, it allows shortening the time of hospitalization and recovery, with fewer complications (such as infections). It also helps to reduce costs.
The traditional open discectomy and microdiscectomy have demonstrated to be more effective than non-surgical therapy.
After the surgery
In the 3 months following the microdiscectomy, the pain and the degree of disability improve markedly. In order to get a faster and satisfactory recovery after surgery, we recommend:
Exercise: The exercise allows to improve the power, resistance, coordination and flexibility of the muscles involved in the functioning of the back. This is especially important among those who have undergone surgery, since they tend to lose muscle shape – either due to the intervention itself, or because of the rest in bed.
Stay physically active: Being physically active decreases the risk of back pain. Even if the pain appears, maintaining the greatest possible degree of physical activity has been shown to shorten its duration. It also reduces the risk of recurrence in the future.
Comply with the rules of postural hygiene: The rules of postural hygiene teach how to do the usual activities so that they involve a lower load on the back.
Follow the general health advice: The back is part of the body as a whole, so the advice to achieve a healthy life indirectly contribute to improving the health of the back.
Basically, these tips consist of suppressing the avoidable risk factors that have been shown to increase the likelihood of suffering from back pain: overweight, smoking, anxiety, etc.
At The London Spine Unit, The Harley Street Hospital, we specialise in day surgery and undertake microdiscectomy as a day surgery procedure. We have have some of the best specialists to perform these procedures. Book an appointment to get a check up.