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Lumbar fusion surgery in the era of an aging society: analysis of a nationwide population cohort with minimum 8-year follow-up – Lumbar Fusion

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The article examines the trend of lumbar spinal fusions in elderly patients and the risk of reoperation following the procedure. The study, using data from the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service nationwide cohort database, found that while the incidence of lumbar fusions in elderly patients has been increasing, the risk of reoperation actually decreases in patients aged 70 or older. The study highlights the importance of not hesitating to perform lumbar fusion in elderly patients based on concerns about reoperation. Age was identified as the most significant risk factor for reoperation, with osteoporosis also posing a risk for post-menopausal females. The findings suggest that despite the increasing incidence of lumbar fusions in elderly patients, the risk of reoperation should not deter clinicians from recommending the procedure in appropriate cases

Summarised by Mr Mo Akmal – Lead Spinal Surgeon
The London Spine Unit : most advanced sugical centre on Harley Street UK

Published article

S: . Increasing incidence of lumbar fusions in elderly patients was seen however the risk of reoperation decreased in patients aged 70 or more. Lumbar fusion for elderly patients should not be hesitated in the decision-making process because of concerns about reoperation.

Lumbar Fusion Surgery Expert. Best Spinal Surgeon UK
Spine J. 2024 Mar 16:S1529-9430(24)00109-8. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2024.03.003. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND CONTEXT: . Fusions for lumbar spine diseases are widely performed and have a growing incidence, especially in elderly population.PURPOSE: . The goal of this study was to assess national trends of lumbar spinal fusions and examine the risk for re-operations after a lumbar fusion,

Spine J. 2024 Mar 16:S1529-9430(24)00109-8. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2024.03.003. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND CONTEXT: . Fusions for lumbar spine diseases are widely performed and have a growing incidence, especially in elderly population.

PURPOSE: . The goal of this study was to assess national trends of lumbar spinal fusions and examine the risk for re-operations after a lumbar fusion with a focus on ‘epidemiologic transition’ relating to age.

STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: . The prospectively collected Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA) nationwide cohort database was retrospectively reviewed.

PATIENT SAMPLE: . 278,815 patients who underwent lumbar spinal fusions for degenerative spine diseases between 2010 and 2018 were reviewed and used to assess trends in operative incidence. 37,050 patients who underwent lumbar fusions between 1/2010 and 12/2011 were enrolled to determine 8-year reoperation rates.

OUTCOME MEASURES: . The overall number of lumbar spinal fusions were analyzed for the national annual trend. Demographic data, reoperation rates, and confounding clinical factors were evaluated.

METHODS: . The overall number of lumbar spinal fusions was analyzed to determine the national annual trend of operative incidence. For the reoperation rate analysis, the primary outcome measured was the cumulative incidence of revision operations within a minimum 8-year follow-up period. Additional outcomes included comparative analyses of the reoperation rate with respect to age, sex, or other underlying comorbidities.

RESULTS: . Over time, elderly patients comprised a larger portion of the cohort (2010:24.2%; 2018:37.6%), while operations in younger patients decreased over time (2010:40.3%; 2018:27.0%). In the cohort of patients with a minimum 8-year follow-up (n=37,050), rates of reoperation peaked in patients aged 60-69 years [17.6 per 1000 person-years (HR 2.20 compared to <40years)] and decreased for more elderly patients [14.3 per 1000 person-years (HR 1.80 compared to <40years)]. Age was the most significant risk factor for reoperation. Osteoporosis was also a risk factor for reoperation in post-menopausal females.

S: . Increasing incidence of lumbar fusions in elderly patients was seen however the risk of reoperation decreased in patients aged 70 or more. Lumbar fusion for elderly patients should not be hesitated in the decision-making process because of concerns about reoperation.

PMID:38499063 | DOI:10.1016/j.spinee.2024.03.003

The London Spine Unit : most advanced sugical centre on Harley Street UK

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Lumbar fusion surgery in the era of an aging society: analysis of a nationwide population cohort with minimum 8-year follow-up

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Spine J. 2024 Mar 16:S1529-9430(24)00109-8. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2024.03.003. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND CONTEXT: . Fusions for lumbar spine diseases are widely performed and have a growing incidence, especially in elderly population.PURPOSE: . The goal of this study was to assess national trends of lumbar spinal fusions and examine the risk for re-operations after a lumbar fusion

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