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Lumbar chance fracture after direct anterior total hip arthroplasty.

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Lumbar chance fracture after direct anterior total hip arthroplasty.

Arthroplast Today. 2017 Dec;3(4):247-250

Authors: Pitta M, Wallach CJ, Bauk C, Hamilton WG

Abstract
This report describes a patient with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) who underwent total hip arthroplasty (THA) by the direct anterior approach and sustained a L4-5 extension fracture dislocation with neural deficits. A magnetic resonance imaging revealed an epidural hematoma at the site of the fracture causing critical stenosis. The patient was taken to the operating room for a L3-S1 posterior decompression with L2-pelvis posterior spinal fusion. AS and diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis create a stiff spine that predisposes to fractures because of the larger moment arms experienced than normal spines. The arthroplasty surgeon performing THA should be aware and take precautions to reduce stress on the spine.

PMID: 29204490 [PubMed]

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