19 Harley St, London, W1G 9QJ, UK

Intraoperative fat embolism syndrome associated with implantation of titanium sacroiliac joint fusion implants: a report of two cases – Lumbar Fusion

Day Case Lumbar Fusion Surgery

The article discusses two cases of fat embolism syndrome occurring after the placement of sacroiliac joint (SIJ) fusion devices during long construct posterior spine fusion surgeries. Both cases involved female patients undergoing complex spinal surgeries, with one case requiring cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The authors highlight the importance of spine surgeons being aware of this rare but potentially fatal complication and recommend collaboration with the anesthesia team to optimize the patient’s hemodynamic status before implanting SIJ fusion devices to prevent catastrophic outcomes

Summarised by Mr Mo Akmal – Lead Spinal Surgeon
The London Spine Unit : best situated spine hospital in London

Published article

S: We report on the first two known cases of fat embolism syndrome occurring immediately after implantation of SIJ fusion devices. Spine surgeons should be aware of this rare, but potentially fatal, complication. Collaboration with the anesthesia team and optimization of the patient’s hemodynamic status prior to implantation may help prevent catastrophic complications.

Lumbar Fusion Surgery Expert. Best Spinal Surgeon UK
J Spine Surg. 2024 Mar 20;10(1):144-151. doi: 10.21037/jss-23-87. Epub 2024 Jan 18. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: For patients undergoing long-construct fusion surgeries, simultaneous sacroiliac joint (SIJ) fusion is a growing trend in spine surgery. Some options for posterior SIJ fusion include 3D-printed triangular titanium implants or self-harvesting SIJ screws. Both implants require fixation within the sacrum and,

J Spine Surg. 2024 Mar 20;10(1):144-151. doi: 10.21037/jss-23-87. Epub 2024 Jan 18.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: For patients undergoing long-construct fusion surgeries, simultaneous sacroiliac joint (SIJ) fusion is a growing trend in spine surgery. Some options for posterior SIJ fusion include 3D-printed triangular titanium implants or self-harvesting SIJ screws. Both implants require fixation within the sacrum and ileum. Fat embolism syndrome is a rare but known complication of lumbar pedicle instrumentation but has never been reported in association with SIJ fusion, regardless of implant type. We report the first two known cases of fat embolism associated with placement of SIJ fusion devices during long construct posterior spine fusion.

CASE DESCRIPTION: Case 1-a 50-year-old female with multiple previous spine surgeries complicated by osteomyelitis/diskitis that was successfully eradicated, underwent T10-pelvis posterior spinal fusion (PSF), L4 pedicle-subtracting-osteotomy, and bilateral SIJ fusion. During implantation of each SIJ fusion device, the patient’s hemodynamic status deteriorated necessitating vasopressor support, intravenous fluid bolus, and hyperventilation, but quickly resolved. The case was completed without further issue, and she had an uneventful post-operative course. Case 2-a 71-year-old female with a past medical history of ankylosing spondylitis, previous L2-L5 PSF, rheumatoid arthritis on chronic steroids, underwent a T9-pelvis PSF, bilateral SIJ fusion, L4 pedicle subtraction osteotomy, T10-L1 Smith Peterson osteotomies. After implantation of the second SIJ fusion device, she became hypotensive and tachycardic, pulses were absent, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation was initiated. Pulses returned quickly, the index surgery was terminated, and she was transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU). In the ICU she was quickly weaned off the ventilator on post-operative day 1. On post-operative day 4, the patient returned to the operating room for completion of the surgery and had an extended, but uneventful, recovery afterwards.

S: We report on the first two known cases of fat embolism syndrome occurring immediately after implantation of SIJ fusion devices. Spine surgeons should be aware of this rare, but potentially fatal, complication. Collaboration with the anesthesia team and optimization of the patient’s hemodynamic status prior to implantation may help prevent catastrophic complications.

PMID:38567009 | PMC:PMC10982924 | DOI:10.21037/jss-23-87

The London Spine Unit : best situated spine hospital in London

Read the original publication:

Intraoperative fat embolism syndrome associated with implantation of titanium sacroiliac joint fusion implants: a report of two cases

Related Posts

0/5 (0 Reviews)

Trusindex Reviews

London Spine Unit Harley Street Hospital

A Focus on High Quality Specialised Care

We are a specialist Private Hospital based on Harley Street, London UK The Harley Street Hospital, Day Surgery Hospital

We provide exclusive health services for individuals seeking Advanced medical, non-surgical or minimally invasive treatments. We are covered by All Insurance Companies apart from AXA PPP

Our Medical Director and Lead Spinal Surgeon Mr Mo Akmal MD is a world renowned Spine Specialist Consultant with over 20 years of experience. He and his team have developed revolutionary techniques to perform all types of Spinal Surgery as a Day Case procedure without traditional General Anaesthetic.

We are constantly improving our techniques for treatment and improving facilities for our patients.

Book your Appointment Now 
Check out our Reviews 
Check out our Patient Videos 
Check our Mr Akmal’s Profile

 

What our patients say ...

J Spine Surg. 2024 Mar 20;10(1):144-151. doi: 10.21037/jss-23-87. Epub 2024 Jan 18. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: For patients undergoing long-construct fusion surgeries, simultaneous sacroiliac joint (SIJ) fusion is a growing trend in spine surgery. Some options for posterior SIJ fusion include 3D-printed triangular titanium implants or self-harvesting SIJ screws. Both implants require fixation within the sacrum and
Lumbar slipped Disc

Revolutionary Keyhole surgical technique to vaporise bulging discs

Dr Mo Akmal Medical Director
Dr Mo Akmal MD - Lead Spinal Surgeon

Laser Disc Surgery can be performed under local anaesthetic at The Harley Street Hospital.

Initial Consultation

with Consultant Spine Surgeon
£ 250
  • No Waiting Times
  • Top NHS affiliated Consultant
  • Includes Clinical Review and Report
  • Multidisciplinary discussion
  • Review of Previous Scans and Reports

Follow up Consultation

any appointment after initial consultation
£ 180
  • Top NHS affiliated Consultant
  • Includes Clinical Review and Report
  • Multidisciplinary discussion

High Resolution MRI Scan

any Single Region (3.0 Tesla)
£ 600
  • No waiting times
  • Includes Full Radiologist Report
  • Open or Closed MRI scan types
  • Copy of Scan on CD

Website Offer

Pre-Booked Online
£1130
£ 800
  • Initial Consultation
  • MRI Scan (Single Region)
  • Follow Up consultation
  • Same Day One Stop Visit
  • Full Medical and MRI scan Report
  • Copy of scan on CD
Popular

If you have any emergency Doctor’s need, simply call our 24 hour emergency

Your personal case manager will ensure that you receive the best possible care.

Call Now 

+44 844 589 2020
+44 203 973 8810