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Interlaminar Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy: A Narrative Review Research Article

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Published article

BACKGROUND: When pain caused by lumbar disc herniation (LDH) is not relieved after 4 to 6 weeks of conservative treatment, surgery is recommended. Open microdiscectomy is a standard surgical technique, but surgical endoscopy enables endoscopic lumbar surgery with clinical outcomes similar to those of standard microdiscectomy. Endoscopic lumbar discectomy is largely divided into transforaminal endoscopic lumbar discectomy (TELD) and interlaminar endoscopic lumbar discectomy (IELD). TELD was…
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Int J Spine Surg. 2021 Dec;15(suppl 3):S47-S53. doi: 10.14444/8163.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: When pain caused by lumbar disc herniation (LDH) is not relieved after 4 to 6 weeks of conservative treatment, surgery is recommended. Open microdiscectomy is a standard surgical technique, but surgical endoscopy enables endoscopic lumbar surgery with clinical outcomes similar to those of standard microdiscectomy. Endoscopic lumbar discectomy is largely divided into transforaminal endoscopic lumbar discectomy (TELD) and interlaminar endoscopic lumbar discectomy (IELD). TELD was introduced about 10 years earlier than IELD and seems to be more popular than IELD.

OBJECTIVE: The present article reviews the surgical technique, indications, and outcomes of IELD. Although much is still unknown, potential future perspectives are reviewed.

SUMMARY: Although improved surgical techniques enable TELD to be versatile, IELD is still specifically beneficial for patients with highly migrated LDH and a high iliac crest. There is a large body of literature indicating favorable outcomes with both TELD and IELD. Currently, the selection of TELD or IELD is at the discretion of the surgeon, but the IELD surgical technique is useful for further applying endoscopic lumbar surgery for lumbar decompression or lumbar interbody fusion. The techniques can be assisted by advanced technologies such as artificial intelligence, surgical robots, and artificial reality, and a precise and systematic approach to decision-making and surgical techniques is required to combine these technologies effectively.

PMID:34974420 | DOI:10.14444/8163

The London Spine Unit : most specialised spinal centre in the world

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Interlaminar Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy: A Narrative Review

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Int J Spine Surg. 2021 Dec;15(suppl 3):S47-S53. doi: 10.14444/8163.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: When pain caused by lumbar disc herniation (LDH) is not relieved after 4 to 6 weeks of conservative treatment, surgery is recommended. Open microdiscectomy is a standard surgical technique, but surgical endoscopy enables endoscopic lumbar surgery with clinical outcomes similar to those of standard microdiscectomy. Endoscopic…

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