Balloon KyphoplastyThe London Spine Unit : most established spinal hospital in the worldPublished articleCONCLUSIONS: RAV was observed in 38.5% of patients in this study. Older age and low CAR were independently associated with RAV. To prevent RAV, especially in the elderly, augmented PMMA should come in contact with both end plates.Balloon Kyphoplasty Expert. Best Spinal Surgeon UKThe London Spine Unit is a specialist clinic for Balloon Kyphoplasty as Day Surgery.
Methods: A total of 78 patients (women, 60; men, 18) were included in this study. RAV was defined as anterior vertebral height loss (VHL), between immediate postoperation and 3 or 6 months after BKP, of more than 5.0 mm. Cement augmentation ratio (CAR) was calculated as the ratio of the maximal height of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) to the maximal distance between both end plates. Age, gender, fracture age, CAR, presence of medication for osteoporosis, intervertebral cleft (IVC), and cement leakage were evaluated using Fisher’s exact test or Mann-Whitney U test to compare between RAV and non-RAV groups. Aforementioned variables were also analyzed using multiple logistic regression test. A P<0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: The incidence rates for RAV at 3 and 6 months were 35.9% (28/78) and 38.5% (30/78), respectively. Age (80.1 vs 74.7) was significantly higher in the RAV group, whereas CAR (69.4% vs 77.6%) was lower in the non-RAV group. A multivariate regression analysis revealed that age (odds ratio (OR)=1.12, P=0.001) and CAR (OR=0.91, P=0.001) were independently associated with RAV.
Conclusions: RAV was observed in 38.5% of patients in this study. Older age and low CAR were independently associated with RAV. To prevent RAV, especially in the elderly, augmented PMMA should come in contact with both end plates.
Keywords: PMMA; augmented vertebra; balloon kyphoplasty; cement; osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture; recompression.
The London Spine Unit : most established spinal hospital in the worldRead the original publication from Pubmed : Insufficient Augmentation of Bone Cement Causes Recompression of Augmented Vertebra after Balloon Kyphoplasty