Damage patterns of rear seat occupants in frontal influence: an in-depth crash investigation examine.
Inj Prev. 2016 Jun;22(three):165-70
Authors: Beck B, Bilston LE, Brown J
OBJECTIVE: Rear seat occupants are actually at the next threat of damage relative to entrance seat occupants and there’s a want for enhanced safety. This examine aimed to look at the sample of damage, damage mechanisms and damage sources to restrained motorized vehicle rear seat occupants concerned in a frontal influence.
METHODS: Circumstances involving restrained rear seat occupants aged 9?years and older concerned in frontal crashes have been prospectively collected from in-depth crash investigations collected in New South Wales and Victoria, Australia, between 2000 and 2010. Structured occupant and driver interviews have been carried out to establish crash parameters, medical information have been reviewed and detailed damage descriptions have been recorded utilizing the abbreviated damage scale (AIS). Car and scene inspections have been additionally carried out and damage sources decided.
RESULTS: The dataset included 29 rear seat occupants aged 9-80?years. AIS2+ accidents have been mostly noticed within the chest and stomach. Chest accidents have been extra generally noticed in older occupants, whereas belly and thoracolumbar backbone accidents have been largely noticed in youthful occupants. The seat belt was the most typical supply of damage to rear seat occupants.
CONCLUSIONS: The seat belt is the most typical supply of damage to rear seat passengers in frontal influence with variations in damage with age. There’s a want to supply applicable belt match and higher management seat belt masses for rear seat passengers. This may very well be achieved, at the least partially, with current applied sciences presently utilized in entrance seat positions, though novel applied sciences may additionally be helpful.
PMID: 26658341 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]