Harm patterns of rear seat occupants in frontal impression: an in-depth crash investigation examine.
Inj Prev. 2016 Jun;22(three):165-70
Authors: Beck B, Bilston LE, Brown J
OBJECTIVE: Rear seat occupants are actually at the next danger of harm relative to entrance seat occupants and there’s a want for enhanced safety. This examine aimed to look at the sample of harm, harm mechanisms and harm sources to restrained motorcar rear seat occupants concerned in a frontal impression.
METHODS: Instances involving restrained rear seat occupants aged 9?years and older concerned in frontal crashes had been prospectively collected from in-depth crash investigations collected in New South Wales and Victoria, Australia, between 2000 and 2010. Structured occupant and driver interviews had been performed to establish crash parameters, medical data had been reviewed and detailed harm descriptions had been recorded utilizing the abbreviated harm scale (AIS). Automobile and scene inspections had been additionally performed and harm sources decided.
RESULTS: The dataset included 29 rear seat occupants aged 9-80?years. AIS2+ accidents had been mostly noticed within the chest and stomach. Chest accidents had been extra generally noticed in older occupants, whereas belly and thoracolumbar backbone accidents had been largely noticed in youthful occupants. The seat belt was the commonest supply of harm to rear seat occupants.
CONCLUSIONS: The seat belt is the commonest supply of harm to rear seat passengers in frontal impression with variations in harm with age. There’s a want to offer applicable belt match and higher management seat belt masses for rear seat passengers. This could possibly be achieved, at the very least partially, with present applied sciences at present utilized in entrance seat positions, though novel applied sciences might also be helpful.
PMID: 26658341 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]