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Influence of needle position on lumbar segmental nerve root block selectivity

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In patients with chronic low back pain radiating to the leg, segmental nerve root blocks (SNRBs) are performed to predict surgical outcome and identify the putative symptomatic spinal nerve. Epidural spread may lead to false interpretation, affecting clinical decision making. Systematic fluoroscopic analysis of epidural local anesthetic spread and its relationship to needle tip location has not been published to date. Study aims include assessment of epidural local anesthetic spread and its relationship to needle position during fluoroscopy-assisted blocks. METHODS: Patients scheduled for L4, L5, and S1 blocks were included in this prospective observational study. Under fluoroscopy and electrostimulation, they received 0.5 mL of a mixture containing lidocaine 5 mg and iohexol 75 mg. X-rays with needle tip and contrast were scored for no epidural spread (grade 0), local spread epidurally (grade 1), or to adjacent nerve roots (grade 2). RESULTS: Sixty-five patients were analyzed for epidural spread, 62 for needle position. Grade 1 epidural spread occurred in 47% of L4 and 28% of L5 blocks and grade 2 spread in 3 blocks (5%; L5 n = 1, S1 n = 2). For lumbar blocks, the needle was most frequently found in the lateral upper half of the intervertebral foramen. Epidural spread occurred more frequently with medial needle positions (P = .06). CONCLUSION: The findings suggest (P = .06) that the risk of grade 1 and 2 lumbar epidural spread, which results in decreased SNRB selectivity, is greater with medial needle positions in the intervertebral foramen. The variability in anatomic position of the dorsal root ganglion necessitates electrostimulation to guide SNRB in addition to fluoroscopy

Keywords : administration & dosage,Adult,adverse effects,Aged,Aged,80 and over,analysis,anatomy & histology,Anesthesia,Epidural,Anesthetics,Local,Autonomic Nerve Block,Back Pain,Chronic Disease,Contrast Media,Decision Making,diagnostic imaging,Drug Combinations,Electric Stimulation,Female,Fluoroscopy,Ganglia,Spinal,Humans,Injections,Epidural,Iohexol,Leg,Lidocaine,Low Back Pain,Lumbosacral Region,Male,methods,Middle Aged,Needles,Netherlands,Pain,Patients,physiopathology,Prospective Studies,Radiography,Interventional,therapy,, Needle,Position,Lumbar, exercises for trigeminal neuralgia

Date of Publication : 2006 Nov

Authors : Wolff AP;Groen GJ;Wilder-Smith OH;

Organisation : Pain Centre, Department of Anesthesiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. a.wolff@anes.umcn.nl

Journal of Publication : Reg Anesth Pain Med

Pubmed Link : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17138195

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