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Infantile and juvenile scoliosis: the crooked path to diagnosis and treatment

Most cases of scoliosis are diagnosed and treated during adolescence; many are detected in school screening programs. For a small percentage of children, however, the onset of scoliosis occurs much earlier than adolescence.Infantile scoliosis (ie, onset from birth to two years of age) and juvenile scoliosis (ie, onset from three to nine years of age) involve very different diagnoses and treatment regimens than adolescent scoliosis. Early onset scoliosis may resolve with growth or may require nonsurgical treatment (eg, orthosis, body cast); surgical intervention (eg, halo traction, growing rods, vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib); or a combination of both

Keywords : Age of Onset,Anthropometry,Braces,Casts,Surgical,Child,classification,complications,diagnosis,Female,Growth,Humans,Infant,Medical History Taking,methods,nursing,Operating Room Nursing,Patient Care Planning,Patient Education as Topic,Perioperative Care,Physical Examination,Practice Guidelines as Topic,Risk Factors,Scoliosis,Spinal Fusion,therapy,Titanium,Traction,, Juvenile,Scoliosis,Crooked, nerve specialist uk

Date of Publication : 2009 Sep

Authors : Wick JM;Konze J;Alexander K;Sweeney C;

Organisation : Shriners Hospital, Portland, OR, USA

Journal of Publication : AORN J

Pubmed Link : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19785096

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