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In Vertebral Hemangiomas with Neurological Deficit, Is a Less Extensive Approach Adequate Research Article

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CONCLUSIONS: In AVH, good clinical and neurological outcomes with low recurrence rates can be achieved using less extensive procedures, such as posterior instrumented decompression with vertebroplasty and intralesional tumor resection.
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Asian Spine J. 2022 Aug 23. doi: 10.31616/asj.2021.0481. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective study.

PURPOSE: To analyze the surgical and neurological outcomes following surgical decompression in patients with aggressive vertebral hemangioma (AVH) presenting with neurological deficit and to determine whether a less extensive approach is appropriate.

OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: AVHs are a rare subset of benign vascular tumors frequently presenting with neurological deficit because of spinal cord compression. Though the results of surgical management have improved over time, there is a lack of consensus on the ideal management in this group of patients.

METHODS: Twenty-one patients who underwent surgery for AVH between 2009 and 2018 were analyzed. Demographic and clinical details of patients were retrieved from hospital information system. Imaging information (i.e., radiography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging) of all patients was accessed and analyzed in picture archiving and communication system. Tumor staging was performed using Enneking and Weinstein-Boriani-Biagini classifications and Spinal Instability Neoplastic Score. At followup, neurological and radiological evaluations were performed.

RESULTS: Twenty-one patients (13 [61.9%] females and 8 [38.1%] males) were included with a mean age of 44.29 years (range, 14-72 years). All patients in the study had neurological deficit. Back pain was present in 80.9% of patients. Mean duration of symptoms was 4.6 months (range, 1 day to 10 months). Most common lesion location was thoracic spine (n=12), followed by thoracolumbar (D11- L2; n=7) and lumbar (n=2) regions. Ten patients had multiple level lesions. All patients underwent preoperative embolization. Nine patients underwent intralesional spondylectomy with reconstruction; another nine patients underwent stabilization, decompression, and vertebroplasty; three patients underwent decompression and stabilization. Neurology improved in all patients, and only one case of recurrence was noted in a mean follow-up of 55.78±25 months (range, 24-96 months).

CONCLUSIONS: In AVH, good clinical and neurological outcomes with low recurrence rates can be achieved using less extensive procedures, such as posterior instrumented decompression with vertebroplasty and intralesional tumor resection.

PMID:35989504 | DOI:10.31616/asj.2021.0481

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In Vertebral Hemangiomas with Neurological Deficit, Is a Less Extensive Approach Adequate

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Asian Spine J. 2022 Aug 23. doi: 10.31616/asj.2021.0481. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSTUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective study.PURPOSE: To analyze the surgical and neurological outcomes following surgical decompression in patients with aggressive vertebral hemangioma (AVH) presenting with neurological deficit and to determine whether a less extensive approach is appropriate.OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: AVHs are a rare…

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