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Impact of metabolic syndrome on morbidity and mortality following transforaminal interbody fusion (TLIF) – Lumbar Fusion

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The article presents the findings of a retrospective multi-institutional database study that aimed to investigate the effect of metabolic syndrome (MetS) on the outcomes of Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF) procedures. The study analyzed data from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement (ACS-NSQIP) database from 2006 to 2019. The results showed that patients with MetS had a higher risk of postoperative morbidity and mortality markers, including wound infections, pulmonary events, renal events, sepsis, and a return to the operating room. Surgeons performing TLIFs on patients with MetS should be aware of these increased risks. The study provides Level III evidence to support these findings

Summarised by Mr Mo Akmal – Lead Spinal Surgeon
The London Spine Unit : most experienced spine centre in the world

Published article

S: Patients with MetS are at elevated risk for various morbidity and mortality markers after TLIF. Surgeons performing TLIFs on these patients should be aware of the increased potential for postoperative events that may complicate the patient’s recovery.

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J Orthop. 2023 Oct 29;46:102-106. doi: 10.1016/j.jor.2023.10.027. eCollection 2023 Dec.ABSTRACTSTUDY DESIGN: Retrospective Multi-Institutional Database Study.OBJECTIVE: Investigate the effect of metabolic syndrome (MetS) on the outcomes of Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF).SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: TLIF procedures in lumbar spine pathology are common. MetS is a combination of conditions, including medication required hypertension, diabetes mellitus (DM),

J Orthop. 2023 Oct 29;46:102-106. doi: 10.1016/j.jor.2023.10.027. eCollection 2023 Dec.

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective Multi-Institutional Database Study.

OBJECTIVE: Investigate the effect of metabolic syndrome (MetS) on the outcomes of Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF).

SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: TLIF procedures in lumbar spine pathology are common. MetS is a combination of conditions, including medication required hypertension, diabetes mellitus (DM), and body mass index (BMI) of 30 kg/m2s or more. The prevalence of MetS has increased drastically over the past two decades. Our study aimed to understand the effect of MetS on morbidity and mortality of TLIF postoperatively.

METHODS: Our study used American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement (ACS-NSQIP) data from 2006 to 2019 to find all patients who underwent TLIF. Patients with MetS were compared to those without MetS. Fisher’s test identified univariate relationships between MetS and preoperative/postoperative variables. Multivariable logistic regression models were utilized to analyze the association between MetS and postoperative morbidity and mortality.

RESULTS: 54,980 patients were identified who received TLIF. 10.7 % had MetS preoperatively. Patients with and without MetS showed statistically significant univariate differences in most preoperative and postoperative variables. After adjusting for preoperative comorbidities, patients with MetS had greater multivariate-adjusted odds of wound infections (aOR = 1.5889, CI 1.1952-2.112, p = 0.00144), pulmonary events (aOR = 1.5517, CI 1.1207-2.1485, p = 0.00813), renal events (aOR = 2.8685, CI 1.5511-5.3045, p = 0.00078), sepsis (aOR = 1.6773, CI 1.1647-2.4155, p = 5.44E-03), and return to OR (aOR = 1.4764, CI 1.2201-1.7866, p = 6.19E-05).

S: Patients with MetS are at elevated risk for various morbidity and mortality markers after TLIF. Surgeons performing TLIFs on these patients should be aware of the increased potential for postoperative events that may complicate the patient’s recovery.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III.

PMID:37969227 | PMC:PMC10641559 | DOI:10.1016/j.jor.2023.10.027

The London Spine Unit : most experienced spine centre in the world

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Impact of metabolic syndrome on morbidity and mortality following transforaminal interbody fusion (TLIF)

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J Orthop. 2023 Oct 29;46:102-106. doi: 10.1016/j.jor.2023.10.027. eCollection 2023 Dec.ABSTRACTSTUDY DESIGN: Retrospective Multi-Institutional Database Study.OBJECTIVE: Investigate the effect of metabolic syndrome (MetS) on the outcomes of Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF).SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: TLIF procedures in lumbar spine pathology are common. MetS is a combination of conditions, including medication required hypertension, diabetes mellitus (DM)
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