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Impact of Educational Background on Preoperative Disease Severity and Postoperative Outcomes Among Patients With Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy – Lumbar Fusion

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This article is a retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database that aimed to assess the differences in preoperative status and postoperative outcomes among patients of different educational backgrounds undergoing surgical management of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). The study found that patients with a lower educational level tended to have longer symptom duration, more disease-inflicted disability and pain, and lower quality-adjusted life-years (QALY) scores. The authors conclude that patients of a lower educational level are a potentially vulnerable subpopulation, and their health literacy and access to care should be prioritized

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Published article

S: Among patients undergoing surgical management for CSM, those reporting a lower educational level tended to present with longer symptom duration, more disease-inflicted disability and pain, and lower QALY scores. As such, patients of a lower EL are a potentially vulnerable subpopulation, and their health literacy and access to care should be prioritized.

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Clin Spine Surg. 2023 Dec 5. doi: 10.1097/BSD.0000000000001557. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSTUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database.OBJECTIVE: Assess differences in preoperative status and postoperative outcomes among patients of different educational backgrounds undergoing surgical management of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM).SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Patient education level (EL) has been suggested to correlate with,

Clin Spine Surg. 2023 Dec 5. doi: 10.1097/BSD.0000000000001557. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database.

OBJECTIVE: Assess differences in preoperative status and postoperative outcomes among patients of different educational backgrounds undergoing surgical management of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM).

SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Patient education level (EL) has been suggested to correlate with health literacy, disease perception, socioeconomic status (SES), and access to health care.

METHODS: The CSM data set of the Quality Outcomes Database (QOD) was queried for patients undergoing surgical management of CSM. EL was grouped as high school or below, graduate-level, and postgraduate level. The association of EL with baseline disease severity (per patient-reported outcome measures), symptoms >3 or ≤3 months, and 24-month patient-reported outcome measures were evaluated.

RESULTS: Among 1141 patients with CSM, 509 (44.6%) had an EL of high school or below, 471 (41.3%) had a graduate degree, and 161 (14.1%) had obtained postgraduate education. Lower EL was statistically significantly associated with symptom duration of >3 months (odds ratio=1.68), higher arm pain numeric rating scale (NRS) (coefficient=0.5), and higher neck pain NRS (coefficient=0.79). Patients with postgraduate education had statistically significantly lower Neck Disability Index (NDI) scores (coefficient=-7.17), lower arm pain scores (coefficient=-1), and higher quality-adjusted life-years (QALY) scores (coefficient=0.06). Twenty-four months after surgery, patients of lower EL had higher NDI scores, higher pain NRS scores, and lower QALY scores (P<0.05 in all analyses).

S: Among patients undergoing surgical management for CSM, those reporting a lower educational level tended to present with longer symptom duration, more disease-inflicted disability and pain, and lower QALY scores. As such, patients of a lower EL are a potentially vulnerable subpopulation, and their health literacy and access to care should be prioritized.

PMID:38102749 | DOI:10.1097/BSD.0000000000001557

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Impact of Educational Background on Preoperative Disease Severity and Postoperative Outcomes Among Patients With Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy

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Clin Spine Surg. 2023 Dec 5. doi: 10.1097/BSD.0000000000001557. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSTUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database.OBJECTIVE: Assess differences in preoperative status and postoperative outcomes among patients of different educational backgrounds undergoing surgical management of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM).SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Patient education level (EL) has been suggested to correlate with

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