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Immunohistological characterization of spinal TB granulomas from HIV-negative and -positive patients.

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Immunohistological characterization of spinal TB granulomas from HIV-negative and -positive patients.

Tuberculosis (Edinb). 2013 Mar 27;

Authors: Danaviah S, Sacks JA, Kumar KP, Taylor LM, Fallows DA, Naicker T, Ndung’u T, Govender S, Kaplan G

Abstract
Tuberculosis (TB) is mainly a disease of the lungs, but Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) can establish infection in virtually any organ in the body. Rising rates of extrapulmonary (EP) TB have been largely associated with the HIV epidemic, as patients co-infected with HIV show a four-fold higher risk of EPTB. Spinal TB (Pott’s Disease), one of the most debilitating extrapulmonary forms of disease, is difficult to diagnose and can cause deformity and/or neurological deficits. This study examined the histopathology and distribution of immune cells within spinal TB lesions and the impact of HIV on pathogenesis. The overall structure of the spinal granulomas resembled that seen in lung lesions from patients with pulmonary TB. Evidence of efficient macrophage activation and differentiation were detectable within organized structures in the spinal tissue, irrespective of HIV status. Interestingly, the granulomatous architecture and macroscopic features were similar in all samples examined, despite a reversal in the ratio of infiltrating CD4 to CD8 T cells in the lesions from HIV-infected patients. This study provides a foundation to understand the mechanism of tissue destruction and disease progression in Spinal TB, enabling the future development of novel therapeutic strategies and diagnostic approaches for this devastating disease.

PMID: 23541388 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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