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Hyperalgesic priming is restricted to isolectin B4-positive nociceptors

We have previously described a rat model for the contribution of neuroplastic changes in nociceptors to the transition from acute to chronic pain. In this model a prior injury activates protein kinase C epsilon (PKCepsilon), inducing a chronic state characterized by marked prolongation of the hyperalgesia induced by inflammatory cytokines, prototypically prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)), referred to as hyperalgesic priming. In this study we evaluated the population of nociceptors involved in priming, by lesioning isolectin B4-positive (IB4(+)) nociceptors with intrathecal administration of a selective neurotoxin, IB4-saporin. To confirm that the remaining, TrkA(+)/IB4(-), nociceptors are still functional, we evaluated if nerve growth factor (NGF) induced hyperalgesia. While pretreatment with IB4-saporin eliminated the acute mechanical hyperalgesia induced by glia-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), NGF and PsiepsilonRACK, a highly selective activator of PKCepsilon, induced robust hyperalgesia. After injection of NGF, GDNF or PsiepsilonRACK, at a time at which hyperalgesia induced by PGE(2) is markedly prolonged (hyperalgesic priming) in control rats, in IB4-saporin-pretreated rats PGE(2) failed to produce this prolonged hyperalgesia. Thus, while PKCepsilon is present in most dorsal root ganglion neurons, where it can contribute to acute mechanical hyperalgesia, priming is restricted to IB4(+)-nociceptors, including those that are TrkA(+). While PKCepsilon activation can induce acute hyperalgesia in the IB4(+) population, it fails to induce priming. We suggest that hyperalgesic priming occurs only in IB4(+) nociceptors, and that in the peripheral terminals of nociceptors separate intracellular pools of PKCepsilon mediate nociceptor sensitization and the induction of hyperalgesic priming

Keywords : administration & dosage,analysis,Animals,California,chemically induced,chemistry,Cytokines,Dinoprostone,drug effects,Enzyme Activation,Ganglia,Spinal,Glial Cell Line-Derived Neurotrophic Factor,Glycoproteins,Growth,Hyperalgesia,Injections,Spinal,injuries,Lectins,Male,metabolism,Nerve Endings,Nerve Growth Factor,Neurons,Neurotoxins,Nociceptors,Oligopeptides,Pain,pathology,physiology,physiopathology,Plant Lectins,Protein Kinase C,Protein Kinase C-epsilon,Rats,Rats,Sprague-Dawley,Receptor,trkA,Ribosome Inactivating Proteins,Type 1,Saporins,Stress,Mechanical,surgery,toxicity,, Priming,Restricted,Isolectin, london pain clinic prices

Date of Publication : 2010 Aug 11

Authors : Joseph EK;Levine JD;

Organisation : Division of Neuroscience, Departments of Medicine and Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA

Journal of Publication : Neuroscience

Pubmed Link : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20457222

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