The hip joint consists of two structures: the head of the femur and a hollow in the pelvic bone. The two bony surfaces are covered by the articular cartilage. Around these bones are the synovial membrane, the ligaments, and some muscles. Osteoarthritis, a form of wear and tear, is a common cause of pain and stiffness of the hip.
What is osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis, a specific type of arthritis, is a degenerative disease of the joints in which the cushioning (or cartilaginous tissue) in the joints progressively wears out. Without this joint cushioning, bones rub against each other during movement. This sometimes causes bone growths or spurs, which form around the joint. This can cause joint pain that worsens after movement and over time.
Osteoarthritis can occur in any number of joints in the body. It occurs most often in the knees, hips, hands and spine. When osteoarthritis affects the hip joint, stiffness and decreased range of motion are common, this can make walking an action difficult and painful. If you have hip osteoarthritis, there are some tips you can take to make sure you can continue taking steps in the future.
How to keep osteoarthritis of the hip under control?
This type of arthritis can cause pain in the hip, lower back, groin and buttocks, as well as swelling and stiffness. All these things can complicate walking and other leg movements. Although osteoarthritis often gets worse over time, the following tips can help keep your symptoms under control, and help prevent hip osteoarthritis from impacting your life:
1. Control the pain: If you have mild to moderate pain, pain relievers without medical formula such as acetaminophen can help. Medical guidelines worldwide recommend acetaminophen as an analgesic for first-line use in the relief of hip osteoarthritis pain. You can take anti-inlammatory medication up to the to help keep your pain under control.
-Heat therapy can also help relieve pain and relax muscles.
2. Exercise the muscles of the hip and legs: Exercise is important for everyone, but it is especially important for anyone with osteoarthritis in the hip. Proper exercises can help strengthen the leg and hip muscles so that they can provide better support for the joint. Exercise can also help keep the hip joint flexible. Try low-impact exercises that strengthen the legs, such as swimming or cycling or consult your doctor or physiotherapist to recommend an appropriate routine for you. Always remember to check with your health care provider before starting a new exercise routine.
3. Maintain a healthy weight: Being overweight or obese increases the risk of developing osteoarthritis. The hip joints, in particular, bear much of the weight when they are obese. Reaching and maintaining a healthy body weight helps ensure that there is no extra weight by pressing down on the hip joints, contributing to the damage and pain of the hip.
4. Protect the hip joints: Protecting and avoiding excessive strain on the hip joints can reduce the severity and impact of osteoarthritis. There are several ways that stress on the hip joint can be reduced such as the use of special insoles or a walking stick.
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