Grisel’s syndrome brought on by Mycoplasma pneumoniae an infection: a case report and evaluation of the literature.
Childs Nerv Syst. 2018 Sep 12;:
Authors: Falsaperla R, Piattelli G, Marino S, Marino SD, Fontana A, Pavone P
BACKGROUND: Grisel’s syndrome is a non-traumatic subluxation of the atlantoaxial joints, which is brought on by an inflammatory course of involving the higher neck. Torticollis, neck ache, and lowered neck mobility are the principle medical indicators of presentation. Predisposing components are trauma, hyperlaxity of the transverse and alar ligaments of the atlantoaxial joints, and surgical interventions carried out on this space. A number of viral and bacterial pathogens have been reported as causative occasions of Grisel’s syndrome, together with Epstein-Barr virus, Kawasaki illness, Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, and different infectious brokers. Grisel’s syndrome linked to Mycoplasma pneumoniae an infection because the set off has not beforehand been reported. Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a small prokaryotic microbe and a frequent etiologic issue of respiratory tract infections and, much less continuously, of extrapulmonary physique organs. The popularity of the Grisel’s syndrome is predicated on medical and neuroradiological investigations, and early analysis and particular remedy are essential to the profitable final result of the illness.
RESULTS: We report the case of an Eight-year-old woman with Grisel’s syndrome brought on by an higher respiratory tract an infection on account of Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Diagnostic suspicion and remedy of Grisel’s syndrome had been established rapidly by anamnestic and medical knowledge and confirmed by radiological findings. The woman was instantly handled with particular antibiotic remedy and cervical immobilization, thus stopping essentially the most harmful problems of the dysfunction.
CONCLUSION: Mycoplasma pneumoniae, among the many different infectious brokers, could also be explanation for scute torticollis and Gresel’s syndrome.
PMID: 30209598 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]