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Footprint mismatch in lumbar total disc arthroplasty

Lumbar disc arthroplasty has become a popular modality for the treatment of degenerative disc disease. The dimensions of the implants are based on early published geometrical measurements of vertebrae; the majority of these were cadaver studies. The fit of the prosthesis in the intervertebral space is of utmost importance. An undersized implant may lead to subsidence, loosening and biomechanical failure due to an incorrect center of rotation. The aim of the present study was to measure the dimensions of lumbar vertebrae based on CT scans and assess the accuracy of match in currently available lumbar disc prostheses. A total of 240 endplates of 120 vertebrae were included in the study. The sagittal and mediolateral diameter of the upper and lower endplates were measured using a digital measuring system. For the levels L4/L5 and L5/S1, an inappropriate size match was noted in 98.8% (Prodisc L) and 97.6% (Charite) with regard to the anteroposterior diameter. Mismatch in the anterior mediolateral diameter was noted in 79.3% (Prodisc L) and 51.2% (Charite) while mismatch in the posterior mediolateral diameter was observed in 91.5% (Prodisc L) and 78% (Charite) of the endplates. Surgeons and manufacturers should be aware of the size mismatch of currently available lumbar disc prostheses, which may endanger the safety and efficacy of the procedure. Larger footprints of currently available total disc arthroplasties are required

Keywords : Adult,adverse effects,Aged,anatomy & histology,Anthropometry,Arthroplasty,diagnostic imaging,Equipment Design,Equipment Failure,etiology,Female,Humans,instrumentation,Intervertebral Disc,Intervertebral Disc Displacement,Low Back Pain,Lumbar Vertebrae,Male,methods,Middle Aged,pathology,physiopathology,Postoperative Complications,Preoperative Care,prevention & control,Prostheses and Implants,Rotation,standards,surgery,Tomography,X-Ray Computed,, Mismatch,Lumbar,Total,Disc, london spine clinic

Date of Publication : 2008 Nov

Authors : Gstoettner M;Heider D;Liebensteiner M;Bach CM;

Organisation : Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Medical University Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria

Journal of Publication : Eur Spine J

Pubmed Link : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18791748

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