19 Harley St, London, W1G 9QJ, UK

Evolution Of Lumbar Degenerative Spondylolisthesis With Key Radiographic Features – Lumbar Disc Replacement

This article discusses the pathophysiology and radiographic features of degenerative spondylolisthesis, a common condition in middle-aged and older adults with back pain. The author explains that the degeneration of facets and discs can lead to segmental instability and displacement over time. The article also discusses the phases of degenerative spondylolisthesis, including dysfunction, instability, and restabilization, according to Kirkaldy-Willis. The radiographic features, such as facet morphology, facet effusion, and vacuum disc, are presented as markers of these phases. The author hopes that this review will increase awareness of these radiographical markers and their timeline, guiding future research and refining management guidelines for degenerative spondylolisthesis

Summarised by Mr Mo Akmal – Lead Spinal Surgeon
The London Spine Unit : finest spine centre on Harley Street UK

Published article

Spondylolisthesis is a common finding in middle-aged and older adults with back pain. The pathophysiology of degenerative spondylolisthesis is a subject of controversy regarding not only its etiology but also the mechanisms of its progression. It is theorized that degeneration of the facets and discs can lead to segmental instability, leading to displacement over time. Kirkaldy-Willis divided degenerative spondylolisthesis into three phases: dysfunction, instability, and finally,…

Lumbar Disc Replacement Surgery Expert. Best Spinal Surgeon UK
Abstract Spondylolisthesis is a common finding in middle-aged and older adults with back pain. The pathophysiology of degenerative spondylolisthesis is a subject of controversy regarding not only its etiology but also the mechanisms of its progression. It is theorized that degeneration of the facets and discs can lead to segmental instability, leading to displacement over,

Abstract

Spondylolisthesis is a common finding in middle-aged and older adults with back pain. The pathophysiology of degenerative spondylolisthesis is a subject of controversy regarding not only its etiology but also the mechanisms of its progression. It is theorized that degeneration of the facets and discs can lead to segmental instability, leading to displacement over time. Kirkaldy-Willis divided degenerative spondylolisthesis into three phases: dysfunction, instability, and finally, restabilization. There is a paucity of literature on the unification of the radiological hallmarks seen in spondylolisthesis within these phases. The radiographic features include (1) facet morphology/arthropathy, (2) facet effusion, (3) facet vacuum, (4) synovial cyst, (5) interspinous ligament bursitis, and (6) vacuum disc as markers of dysfunction, instability, and/or restabilization. We discuss these features, which can be seen on X-ray, CT, and MRI, with the intention of establishing a timeline upon which they present clinically. Spondylolisthesis is initiated as either degeneration of the intervertebral disc or facet joints. Early degeneration can be seen as facet vacuum without considerable arthropathy. As the vertebral segment becomes increasingly dynamic, fluid accumulates within the facet joint space. Further degeneration will lead to the advancement of facet arthropathy, degenerative disc disease, and posterior ligamentous complex pathology. Facet effusion can eventually be replaced with a vacuum in severe facet osteoarthritis. Intervertebral disc vacuum continues to accumulate with further cleft formation and degeneration. Ultimately, autofusion of the vertebra at the facets and endplates can be observed. With this review, we hope to increase awareness of these radiographical markers and their timeline, thus placing them within the framework of the currently accepted model of degenerative spondylolisthesis, to help guide future research and to help refine management guidelines.

Keywords: Facet Arthropathy; Facet Effusion; Facet Morphology; Facet Vacuum; Interspinous ligament bursitis; Lumbar Degenerative Spondylolisthesis; Lumbar Instability; Spondylolisthesis Timeline; Synovial Cyst; Vacuum disc.

The London Spine Unit : finest spine centre on Harley Street UK

Read the original publication:

Evolution of Lumbar Degenerative Spondylolisthesis with Key Radiographic Features

Related Posts

0/5 (0 Reviews)

Trusindex Reviews

London Spine Unit Harley Street Hospital

A Focus on High Quality Specialised Care

We are a specialist Private Hospital based on Harley Street, London UK The Harley Street Hospital, Day Surgery Hospital

We provide exclusive health services for individuals seeking Advanced medical, non-surgical or minimally invasive treatments. We are covered by All Insurance Companies apart from AXA PPP

Our Medical Director and Lead Spinal Surgeon Mr Mo Akmal MD is a world renowned Spine Specialist Consultant with over 20 years of experience. He and his team have developed revolutionary techniques to perform all types of Spinal Surgery as a Day Case procedure without traditional General Anaesthetic.

We are constantly improving our techniques for treatment and improving facilities for our patients.

Book your Appointment Now 
Check out our Reviews 
Check out our Patient Videos 
Check our Mr Akmal’s Profile

 

What our patients say ...

Abstract Spondylolisthesis is a common finding in middle-aged and older adults with back pain. The pathophysiology of degenerative spondylolisthesis is a subject of controversy regarding not only its etiology but also the mechanisms of its progression. It is theorized that degeneration of the facets and discs can lead to segmental instability, leading to displacement over

Revolutionary Keyhole surgical technique to vaporise bulging discs

Dr Mo Akmal Medical Director
Dr Mo Akmal MD - Lead Spinal Surgeon

Laser Disc Surgery can be performed under local anaesthetic at The Harley Street Hospital.

Initial Consultation

with Consultant Spine Surgeon
£ 250
  • No Waiting Times
  • Top NHS affiliated Consultant
  • Includes Clinical Review and Report
  • Multidisciplinary discussion
  • Review of Previous Scans and Reports

Follow up Consultation

any appointment after initial consultation
£ 180
  • Top NHS affiliated Consultant
  • Includes Clinical Review and Report
  • Multidisciplinary discussion

High Resolution MRI Scan

any Single Region (3.0 Tesla)
£ 600
  • No waiting times
  • Includes Full Radiologist Report
  • Open or Closed MRI scan types
  • Copy of Scan on CD

Website Offer

Pre-Booked Online
£1130
£ 800
  • Initial Consultation
  • MRI Scan (Single Region)
  • Follow Up consultation
  • Same Day One Stop Visit
  • Full Medical and MRI scan Report
  • Copy of scan on CD
Popular

If you have any emergency Doctor’s need, simply call our 24 hour emergency

Your personal case manager will ensure that you receive the best possible care.

Call Now 

+44 844 589 2020
+44 203 973 8810