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Enhanced Grading Methods For Lumbar Paraspinal Fat Infiltration And Its Prognostic Value In Predicting Lumbar Disc Herniation – Lumbar Disc Replacement

This article discusses the efficacy of a newly proposed 4-grade system for assessing fat infiltration in the paraspinal muscles compared to the existing 3-grade system. The study evaluated the impact of the 4-grade system on the prediction of lumbar disc herniation and found that it was more effective than the 3-grade system. The research also identified that females had a higher risk of disc herniation compared to males, and the risk increased with age and body mass index. Ultimately, the article concludes that the 4-grade system is a more efficient method for predicting disc herniation and can replace the current 3-grade system

Summarised by Mr Mo Akmal – Lead Spinal Surgeon
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Published article

CONCLUSIONS: It was observed that using the 4-grade fat infiltration system to determine the level of fat infiltration in the paraspinal muscles is more effective in predicting lumbar disc herniation compared to the 3-grade system. The 4-grade fat infiltration grading system proves to be an efficient semi-quantitative method that can replace the simplified 3-grade system.

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Abstract Background: The simplified 3-grade system for measuring fat infiltration in the paraspinal muscles is widely utilized. In comparing our proposed 4-grade system to the existing 3-grade system, we evaluated its impact on results and particularly its ability to predict disc herniation, ultimately highlighting deficiencies in the latter. The objective of this investigation was to,

Abstract

Background: The simplified 3-grade system for measuring fat infiltration in the paraspinal muscles is widely utilized. In comparing our proposed 4-grade system to the existing 3-grade system, we evaluated its impact on results and particularly its ability to predict disc herniation, ultimately highlighting deficiencies in the latter. The objective of this investigation was to validate the efficacy of our newly proposed semi-quantitative simplified 4-grade system for assessing fat infiltration, as compared to the existing literature-based simplified 3-grade system, in terms of their predictive value for lumbar disc herniation.

Methods: Infiltration of the right and left lumbar multifidus and erector spinae muscles were assessed using a semi-quantitative 3- and 4-grade fat infiltration system on axial magnetic resonance imaging sections at the L3-S1 level in all subjects, with comparison of results between groups. The correlation between these grading systems and lumbar disc herniation was investigated.

Results: The simplified 3-degree system for measuring fat infiltration was not effective in predicting lumbar disc herniation (p > 0.05), while the 4-degree system proved to be useful in predicting it (p < 0.05). In both grading systems, females were found to have a higher risk of lumbar disc herniation than males (p < 0.05), and the risk increased with age and body mass index (BMI) (p < 0.001).

Conclusions: It was observed that using the 4-grade fat infiltration system to determine the level of fat infiltration in the paraspinal muscles is more effective in predicting lumbar disc herniation compared to the 3-grade system. The 4-grade fat infiltration grading system proves to be an efficient semi-quantitative method that can replace the simplified 3-grade system.

Keywords: Adipose tissue; Intervertebral disc degeneration; Low back pain; Magnetic resonance imaging; Paraspinal muscles.

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Enhanced grading methods for lumbar paraspinal fat infiltration and its prognostic value in predicting lumbar disc herniation

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Abstract Background: The simplified 3-grade system for measuring fat infiltration in the paraspinal muscles is widely utilized. In comparing our proposed 4-grade system to the existing 3-grade system, we evaluated its impact on results and particularly its ability to predict disc herniation, ultimately highlighting deficiencies in the latter. The objective of this investigation was to

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