Effects of weighted and un-weighted pendulum exercises on ultrasonographic Acromiohumeral distance in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome.
J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 2016 Jul 21;
Authors: Akkaya N, Akkaya S, Gungor HR, Ya?ar G, Atalay NS, Sahin F
BACKGROUND: Although functional results of combined rehabilitation programs are reported, there have been no reports studying the effects of solo pendulum exercises on ultrasonographic measurements of Acromiohumeral distance (AHD).
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of weighted and un-weighted pendulum exercises on ultrasonographic AHD and clinical symptoms in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome.
METHODS: Patients with subacromial impingement syndrome were randomized to performing weighted (1.5 kilograms hand held dumbbell, N= 18) or un-weighted (free of weight, N= 16) pendulum exercises for 4 weeks, 3 sessions/day. Exercises were repeated for each direction of shoulder motion in each session (ten minutes). Clinical situation was evaluated by Constant score and Shoulder Pain Disability Index (SPADI). Ultrasonographic measurement of AHD at 0°, 30° and 60° shoulder abduction was performed. All clinical and ultrasonographic evaluations were performed at the beginning of the exercise program and at end of 4 weeks exercise program.
RESULTS: Thirty-four patients (23 females, 11 males; mean age 41.7 ± 8.9 years) were evaluated. Significant clinical improvements were detected in both exercise groups between pre and post-treatment evaluations (p < 0.05). There was no significant difference for pre and post-treatment AHD measurements at 0°, 30°, and 60° shoulder abduction between groups (p > 0.05). There was no significant difference for pre and post-treatment narrowing of AHD (narrowing of 0°-30°, and 0°-60°) between groups (p > 0.05).
CONCLUSION: While significant clinical improvements were achieved with both weighted and un-weighted solo pendulum exercises, no significant difference was detected for ultrasonographic AHD measurements between exercise groups.
PMID: 27472856 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]