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Effectiveness of injured vertebra fixation with inclined-long pedicle screws combined with interbody fusion for thoracolumbar fracture dislocation with disc injury – Lumbar Fusion

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The article investigates the effectiveness of using inclined-long pedicle screws combined with interbody fusion for thoracolumbar fracture dislocation with disc injury. A total of 28 patients underwent this treatment method, resulting in improvements in pain relief, spinal stability, nerve compression release, vertebral height restoration, and neurological function. The study found that the combination of inclined-long pedicle screws fixation and interbody fusion was successful in correcting the fracture dislocation and reconstructing spinal stabilization. Overall, this treatment approach was deemed effective for thoracolumbar fracture dislocation with disc injury

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Published article

: The injured vertebra fixation with inclined-long pedicle screws combined with interbody fusion is an effective treatment for thoracolumbar fracture dislocation with disc injury, which can correct the fracture dislocation, release the nerve compression, restore the injured vertebral height, and reconstruct spinal stabilization.

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Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2024 Apr 15;38(4):466-473. doi: 10.7507/1002-1892.202310042. ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of injured vertebra fixation with inclined-long pedicle screws combined with interbody fusion for thoracolumbar fracture dislocation with disc injury. METHODS: Between January 2017 and June 2022, 28 patients with thoracolumbar fracture dislocation with disc injury,

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2024 Apr 15;38(4):466-473. doi: 10.7507/1002-1892.202310042.

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of injured vertebra fixation with inclined-long pedicle screws combined with interbody fusion for thoracolumbar fracture dislocation with disc injury.

METHODS: Between January 2017 and June 2022, 28 patients with thoracolumbar fracture dislocation with disc injury were underwent posterior depression, the injured vertebra fixation with inclined-long pedicle screws, and interbody fusion. There were 22 males and 6 females, with a mean age of 41.4 years (range, 22-58 years). The causes of injury included falling from height in 18 cases, traffic accident in 5 cases, and bruise in 5 cases. Fracture segment included 1 case of T 117 cases of T 129 cases of L 1and 11 cases of L 2. According to the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) scale, the spinal injuries were graded as grade A in 4 cases, grade B in 2 cases, grade C in 11 cases, and grade D in 11 cases. Preoperative spinal canal encroachment ratio was 17.7%-75.3% (mean, 44.0%); the thoracolumbar injury classification and severity score (TLICS) ranged from 9 to 10 (mean, 9.9). Seventeen patients were associated with other injuries. The time from injury to operation ranged from 1 to 4 days (mean, 2.3 days). The perioperative indicators (operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and the occurrence of complications), clinical evaluation indicators [visual analogue scale (VAS) score and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI)]radiologic evaluation indicators [anterior vertebral height ratio (AVHR), kyphosis Cobb angle (KCA), intervertebral space height (ISH), vertebral wedge angle (VWA), displacement angle (DA), and percent fracture dislocation displacement (PFDD)]neurological function, and interbody fusion were recorded.

RESULTS: The operation time was 110-159 minutes (mean, 130.2 minutes). The intraoperative blood loss was 200-510 mL (mean, 354.3 mL). All incisions healed by first intention, and no surgical complications such as wound infection or hematoma occurred. All patients were followed up 12-15 months (mean, 12.7 months). The chest and lumbar pain significantly relieved, VAS scores and ODI after operation were significantly lower than those before operation, and further decreased with the extension of postoperative time, with significant differences ( P<0.05). At last follow-up, the ASIA classification of neurological function of the patients was grade A in 3 cases, grade B in 1 case, grade C in 1 case, grade D in 10 cases, and grade E in 13 cases, which was significantly different from preoperative one ( Z=-4.772, P<0.001). Imaging review showed that AVHR, KCA, ISH, VWA, DA, and PFDD significantly improved at 1 week, 3 months and last follow-up ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference between different time points after operation ( P>0.05). At last follow-up, according to the modified Brantigan score, all patients achieved good intervertebral bone fusion, including 22 complete fusion and 6 good intervertebral fusion with a few clear lines. No complications such as internal fixation failure or kyphosis occurred during follow-up.

: The injured vertebra fixation with inclined-long pedicle screws combined with interbody fusion is an effective treatment for thoracolumbar fracture dislocation with disc injury, which can correct the fracture dislocation, release the nerve compression, restore the injured vertebral height, and reconstruct spinal stabilization.

PMID:38632068 | PMC:PMC11024526 | DOI:10.7507/1002-1892.202310042

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Effectiveness of injured vertebra fixation with inclined-long pedicle screws combined with interbody fusion for thoracolumbar fracture dislocation with disc injury

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Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2024 Apr 15;38(4):466-473. doi: 10.7507/1002-1892.202310042. ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of injured vertebra fixation with inclined-long pedicle screws combined with interbody fusion for thoracolumbar fracture dislocation with disc injury. METHODS: Between January 2017 and June 2022, 28 patients with thoracolumbar fracture dislocation with disc injury

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