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Early outcomes in hybrid fixation for idiopathic scoliosis: posterior fusion combined with anterior vertebral body tethering. Patient series – Lumbar Fusion

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The article discusses the use of a combined approach involving anterior vertebral body tethering (AVBT) and posterior spinal fusion (PSF) for treating idiopathic scoliosis in patients with double curves. The study reviewed 20 patients with an average age of 12.7 years who underwent hybrid treatment and had an average follow-up of 8 months. The results showed significant improvement in the thoracic and lumbar curve angles, as well as in three-dimensional kyphosis. The authors conclude that the combined approach is safe and effective, providing both thoracic fusion and motion preservation benefits in the lumbar spine. The study aims to further refine the indications for AVBT in the future

Summarised by Mr Mo Akmal – Lead Spinal Surgeon
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Published article

BACKGROUND: Anterior vertebral body tethering (AVBT) and posterior spinal fusion (PSF) are options for patients with idiopathic scoliosis. Combining both procedures in patients with double curves, a procedure in which PSF is performed for the thoracic curve and AVBT for the lumbar curve, provides maximal correction of the thoracic curve with a theoretical maintenance of motion in the lumbar spine.

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J Neurosurg Case Lessons. 2023 Oct 9;6(15):CASE23331. doi: 10.3171/CASE23331. Print 2023 Oct 9.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Anterior vertebral body tethering (AVBT) and posterior spinal fusion (PSF) are options for patients with idiopathic scoliosis. Combining both procedures in patients with double curves, a procedure in which PSF is performed for the thoracic curve and AVBT for the lumbar curve,

J Neurosurg Case Lessons. 2023 Oct 9;6(15):CASE23331. doi: 10.3171/CASE23331. Print 2023 Oct 9.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Anterior vertebral body tethering (AVBT) and posterior spinal fusion (PSF) are options for patients with idiopathic scoliosis. Combining both procedures in patients with double curves, a procedure in which PSF is performed for the thoracic curve and AVBT for the lumbar curve, provides maximal correction of the thoracic curve with a theoretical maintenance of motion in the lumbar spine.

OBSERVATIONS: The authors retrospectively reviewed 20 skeletally immature patients diagnosed with idiopathic scoliosis at a single institution with an average age of 12.7 ± 1.6 years and who had undergone hybrid treatment with an average follow-up of 8 months. The PSF procedures averaged 276 ± 63 minutes with 442.8 ± 295 mL of blood loss, and the AVBT averaged 275 ± 54 minutes with 118.3 ± 80 mL of blood loss. Following the hybrid correction, the thoracic and lumbar coronal curve angles improved from 67.6° to 21.6° and from 65.2° to 24°, respectively. The three-dimensional kyphosis improved from 3.3° to 24°.

LESSONS: A combined approach of PSF and AVBT is safe and effective for idiopathic scoliosis. This approach combines the gold standard of thoracic fusion with the motion preservation benefits of AVBT in the lumbar spine. This study will continue to refine indications for AVBT.

PMID:37910004 | PMC:PMC10566524 | DOI:10.3171/CASE23331

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Early outcomes in hybrid fixation for idiopathic scoliosis: posterior fusion combined with anterior vertebral body tethering. Patient series

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J Neurosurg Case Lessons. 2023 Oct 9;6(15):CASE23331. doi: 10.3171/CASE23331. Print 2023 Oct 9.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Anterior vertebral body tethering (AVBT) and posterior spinal fusion (PSF) are options for patients with idiopathic scoliosis. Combining both procedures in patients with double curves, a procedure in which PSF is performed for the thoracic curve and AVBT for the lumbar curve

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