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Does the Severity of Foraminal Stenosis Impact Outcomes of Lumbar Decompression Surgery? – Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

This article explores the relationship between the severity of foraminal stenosis and various outcomes in patients who undergo lumbar decompression surgery. The study retrospectively analyzed patients who underwent one-level posterior lumbar decompression for radiculopathy. They assessed the surgical outcomes, motor function, and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) based on the severity of foraminal stenosis. The results showed that severe stenosis was associated with higher 90-day readmissions, although this effect was not significant on multivariate analysis. However, there was no association between stenosis severity and functional impairment or PROMs preoperatively. Patients with moderate or severe stenosis showed improvement in all PROMs after surgery, except for the mental component. Overall, regardless of preoperative foraminal stenosis severity, patients experienced similar improvements in PROMs, surgical outcomes, and restoration of motor function after lumbar decompression surgery for radiculopathy

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CONCLUSION: We demonstrated that regardless of foraminal stenosis severity preoperatively, patients have a similar improvement in PROMs, surgical outcomes, and restoration of motor function after lumbar decompression surgery for radiculopathy.

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World Neurosurg. 2023 Aug 24:S1878-8750(23)01193-2. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2023.08.081. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVES: To establish the relationship between the magnitude of foraminal stenosis and (1) improvement in patient-reported outcomes, (2) improvement in motor function after lumbar decompression surgery, and (3) difference in surgical outcomes.METHODS: Patients who underwent one-level posterior lumbar decompression for radiculopathy were retrospectively identified. Patient,

World Neurosurg. 2023 Aug 24:S1878-8750(23)01193-2. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2023.08.081. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To establish the relationship between the magnitude of foraminal stenosis and (1) improvement in patient-reported outcomes, (2) improvement in motor function after lumbar decompression surgery, and (3) difference in surgical outcomes.

METHODS: Patients who underwent one-level posterior lumbar decompression for radiculopathy were retrospectively identified. Patient demographics and surgical characteristics were collected through a query search and manual chart review of the electronic medical records. Foraminal stenosis was determined on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and graded using Lee et al.’s validated methodology as none, mild, moderate, or severe. Surgical outcomes, motor function, and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) were compared based on the amount of stenosis (mild vs. moderate vs. severe). Bivariant and multivariant analyses were performed.

RESULTS: Severe stenosis demonstrated more 90-day readmissions (0.00% vs. 0.00% vs. 8.57%, respectively, p=0.019), though this effect did not remain significant on multivariate analysis (p=0.068). There was no association between stenosis severity and degree of functional impairment or PROMs preoperatively. Patients with moderate or severe preoperative foraminal stenosis showed improvement in all PROMs after surgery (p<0.05) except the mental component of the Short Form-12 survey. Notably, central stenosis grade was insignificantly different between groups (p=0.358). Multivariable logistic regression analysis did not identify any significant independent predictors of surgical outcomes or change in PROMs.

CONCLUSION: We demonstrated that regardless of foraminal stenosis severity preoperatively, patients have a similar improvement in PROMs, surgical outcomes, and restoration of motor function after lumbar decompression surgery for radiculopathy.

PMID:37633493 | DOI:10.1016/j.wneu.2023.08.081

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Does the Severity of Foraminal Stenosis Impact Outcomes of Lumbar Decompression Surgery?

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World Neurosurg. 2023 Aug 24:S1878-8750(23)01193-2. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2023.08.081. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVES: To establish the relationship between the magnitude of foraminal stenosis and (1) improvement in patient-reported outcomes, (2) improvement in motor function after lumbar decompression surgery, and (3) difference in surgical outcomes.METHODS: Patients who underwent one-level posterior lumbar decompression for radiculopathy were retrospectively identified. Patient

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