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Does Epidural Corticosteroid Application During Spinal Surgery Reduce Postoperative Pain?: An Adjunct to Multimodal Analgesia – Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

The article presents a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded study that aimed to investigate the effect of intraoperative epidural administration of Depo-Medrol on postoperative back pain and radiculitis symptoms in patients undergoing Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF). The study included 116 patients who underwent TLIF surgery with rh-BMP2 and were randomly assigned to receive either Saline or Depo-Medrol at the annulotomy site. The results showed that patients who received Depo-Medrol experienced significantly less back pain in the first week after surgery compared to those who received saline. Additionally, radiculopathy-related symptoms were also reduced in the steroid group at most time points. The study concluded that the use of epidural Depo-Medrol may be a beneficial addition to multimodal analgesia for pain relief in the postoperative period

Summarised by Mr Mo Akmal – Lead Spinal Surgeon
The London Spine Unit : top spine centre in the world

Published article

CONCLUSION: This study provides Level 1 evidence that intraoperative application of Depo-Medrol during a TLIF surgery with rh-BMP2 significantly reduces back pain for the first week after TLIF surgery. The use of epidural Depo-Medrol may be a useful adjunct to multimodal analgesia for pain relief in the postoperative period.

Lumbar Decompression Surgery Expert. Best Spinal Surgeon UK
Clin Spine Surg. 2024 Mar 5. doi: 10.1097/BSD.0000000000001586. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSTUDY DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded study.OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of intraoperative epidural administration of Depo-Medrol on postoperative back pain and radiculitis symptoms in patients undergoing Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF).SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Postoperative pain is commonly experienced by patients undergoing,

Clin Spine Surg. 2024 Mar 5. doi: 10.1097/BSD.0000000000001586. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded study.

OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of intraoperative epidural administration of Depo-Medrol on postoperative back pain and radiculitis symptoms in patients undergoing Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF).

SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Postoperative pain is commonly experienced by patients undergoing spinal fusion surgery. Adequate management of intense pain is necessary to encourage early ambulation, increase patient satisfaction, and limit opioid consumption. Intraoperative steroid application has been shown to improve postoperative pain in patients undergoing lumbar decompression surgeries. There have been no studies examining the effect of epidural steroids on both back pain and radicular pain in patients undergoing TLIF.

METHOD: In all, 151 patients underwent TLIF surgery using rh-BMP2 with 3 surgeons at a single institution. Of those, 116 remained in the study and were included in the final analysis. Based on a 1:1 randomization, a collagen sponge saturated with either Saline (1 cc) or Depo-Medrol (40 mg/1 cc) was placed at the annulotomy site on the TLIF level. Follow-up occurred on postoperative days 1, 2, 3, 7, and postoperative months 1, 2, and 3. Lumbar radiculopathy was measured by a modified symptom- and laterality-specific Visual Analog Scale (VAS) regarding the severity of back pain and common radiculopathy symptoms.

RESULTS: The patients who received Depo-Medrol, compared with those who received saline, experienced significantly less back pain on postoperative days 1, 2, 3, and 7 (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in back pain beyond day 7. Radiculopathy-related symptoms such as leg pain, numbness, tingling, stiffness, and weakness tended to be reduced in the steroid group at most time points.

CONCLUSION: This study provides Level 1 evidence that intraoperative application of Depo-Medrol during a TLIF surgery with rh-BMP2 significantly reduces back pain for the first week after TLIF surgery. The use of epidural Depo-Medrol may be a useful adjunct to multimodal analgesia for pain relief in the postoperative period.

PMID:38446588 | DOI:10.1097/BSD.0000000000001586

The London Spine Unit : top spine centre in the world

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Does Epidural Corticosteroid Application During Spinal Surgery Reduce Postoperative Pain?: An Adjunct to Multimodal Analgesia

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Clin Spine Surg. 2024 Mar 5. doi: 10.1097/BSD.0000000000001586. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSTUDY DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded study.OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of intraoperative epidural administration of Depo-Medrol on postoperative back pain and radiculitis symptoms in patients undergoing Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF).SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Postoperative pain is commonly experienced by patients undergoing

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