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Dihydropyridine block of voltage-dependent K+ currents in rat dorsal root ganglion neurons

The dihydropyridines nifedipine, nimodipine and Bay K 8644 are widely used as pharmacological tools to assess the contribution of L-type voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels to a variety of neuronal processes including synaptic transmission, excitability and second messenger signaling. These compounds are still used in neuronal preparations despite evidence from cardiac tissue and heterologous expression systems that they block several voltage-dependent K(+) (Kv) channels. Both because these compounds have been used to assess the relative contribution of L-type Ca(2+) channels to several different processes in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons and because a relatively wide variety of Kv channels present in other neuronal populations is present in DRG neurons, we determined the extent to which dihydropyridines block Kv currents in these neurons. Standard whole cell patch clamp techniques were used to study acutely disassociated adult rat DRG neurons. All three dihydropyridines tested blocked Kv currents in DRG neurons; IC(50) values (concentration resulting in an inhibition that is 50% of maximum) for nifedipine and nimodipine-induced block of sustained Kv currents were 14.5 and 6.6 microM, respectively. The magnitude of sustained current block was 44+/-1.6%, 60+/-2%, and 56+/-2.9% with 10 microM nifedipine, nimodipine and Bay K 8644, respectively. Current block was occluded by neither 4-aminopyridine (5 mM) nor tetraethylammonium (135 mM). Dihydropyridine-induced block of Kv currents was not associated with a shift in the voltage-dependence of current activation or inactivation, the recovery from inactivation, or voltage dependent block. However, there was a small use-dependence to the dihydropyridine-induced block. Our results suggest that several types of Kv channels in DRG neurons are blocked by mechanisms distinct from those underlying block of Kv channels in cardiac myocytes. Importantly, our results suggest that if investigators wish to explore the contribution of L-type Ca(2+) channels to neuronal function, they should consider alternative strategies for the manipulation of these channels than the use of dihydropyridines

Keywords : 3-Pyridinecarboxylic acid,1,4-dihydro-2,6-dimethyl-5-nitro-4-(2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-,Methyl ester,Adult,Animals,antagonists & inhibitors,cytology,Dose-Response Relationship,Drug,drug effects,Ganglia,Spinal,In Vitro Techniques,Male,Neurons,Nifedipine,Nimodipine,Patch-Clamp Techniques,pharmacology,physiology,Potassium Channels,Voltage-Gated,Rats,Rats,Sprague-Dawley,Synaptic Transmission,transmission,, Block,Voltagedependent,K+,Currents, how long does a suprascapular nerve block last

Date of Publication : 2009 Jun 16

Authors : Zhang XL;Gold MS;

Organisation : Department of Anesthesiology, University of Pittsburgh, 3500 Terrace Street, Room E1440 BST, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA

Journal of Publication : Neuroscience

Pubmed Link : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19289157

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