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Delayed spinal epidural hematoma following T1 chance fracture: An illustrative case and review of the literature Research Article

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Published article

CONCLUSION: Delayed SEH rarely occur following spinal Chance fractures. Here, an 87-year-old female on anticoagulation developed the 10-h delayed onset of a SEH with paraplegia attributed to a T1 Chance fracture at the C7-T1 level. Although she regained neurological function following the emergent decompression, she expired 5 days later likely due to the extended operative time/blood loss from the C5-T4 fusion that could have been avoided.
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Surg Neurol Int. 2022 Dec 23;13:593. doi: 10.25259/SNI_1046_2022. eCollection 2022.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: A Chance fracture is a traumatic fracture of the thoracic or lumbar spine that occurs secondary to a flexion-distraction injury. Although patients with chance fractures rarely present with neurologic deficits, a subset may become symptomatic from spinal epidural hematomas (SEH) warranting emergent decompressive surgery.

CASE DESCRIPTION: An 87-year-old female on anticoagulation presented with a T1 Chance fracture after a fall. She was originally neurologically intact, but became paraplegic over the next 10 h. When the cervical/thoracic magnetic resonance revealed a SEH markedly compressing the cord between the C7-T1 levels, she underwent an emergent decompression; she also had a C5-T4 instrumented fusion. Postoperatively, she regained lower limb function, but expired on postoperative day 5 due to respiratory complications likely attributed to the prolonged surgery for the spinal instrumentation.

CONCLUSION: Delayed SEH rarely occur following spinal Chance fractures. Here, an 87-year-old female on anticoagulation developed the 10-h delayed onset of a SEH with paraplegia attributed to a T1 Chance fracture at the C7-T1 level. Although she regained neurological function following the emergent decompression, she expired 5 days later likely due to the extended operative time/blood loss from the C5-T4 fusion that could have been avoided.

PMID:36600755 | PMC:PMC9805642 | DOI:10.25259/SNI_1046_2022

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Delayed spinal epidural hematoma following T1 chance fracture: An illustrative case and review of the literature

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Surg Neurol Int. 2022 Dec 23;13:593. doi: 10.25259/SNI_1046_2022. eCollection 2022.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: A Chance fracture is a traumatic fracture of the thoracic or lumbar spine that occurs secondary to a flexion-distraction injury. Although patients with chance fractures rarely present with neurologic deficits, a subset may become symptomatic from spinal epidural hematomas (SEH) warranting emergent decompressive surgery.CASE DESCRIPTION:…

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