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Cost-Effectiveness Studies Of Vertebral Augmentation For Osteoporotic Vertebral Fractures: A Systematic Review London Spine

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CONCLUSIONS: Both VP and BK, have been shown to be cost-effective alternatives to CM for osteoporotic vertebral fractures in diverse cost-effectiveness studies conducted in multiple healthcare settings. Trial-based CUA contributed the strongest evidence supporting cost-effectiveness determination for VP and BK for OVFs.
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Abstract

Background context: Osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVF) dramatically increase with age and are serious life altering adverse events for seniors resulting in increased rates of institutionalization, morbidity and mortality. Given the expanding population of the elderly and increasing prevalence of OVFs, cost-effective treatment strategies need to be considered. Percutaneous vertebral augmentation (VA) procedures such as vertebroplasty (VP) or balloon kyphoplasty (BK) are increasingly employed to treat painful vertebral fractures not responding to conservative management (CM) of bedrest and analgesia. Both VA procedures have been shown to be effective treatments for OVFs in multiple systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials. In this systematic review, analytical strategies, designs and results were compared for health economic studies evaluating cost-effectiveness of VA procedures, VP or BK for OVFs. Furthermore, assessments of quality (risk of bias) were conducted for the systematic review and the individual studies with peer-reviewed checklists recommended for cost-effectiveness studies.

Purpose: To provide an up-to-date systematic review of peer-reviewed studies evaluating cost-effectiveness of VA procedures, VP or KP for OVFs to support treatment and healthcare funding decisions.

Study design: This study is a systematic literature review and structured narrative synthesis.

Study sample: Peer reviewed health economic studies reporting cost-effectiveness for VA procedures, VP or BK for OVFs OUTCOME MEASURES: The following information extracted from the studies included: report country and year, study design, comparators, population, perspective, health valuations, costing sources and cost-effectiveness measures. For economic studies involving modeling, information was also extracted for model type, time horizon, key model drivers, and handling of uncertainty. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER), the ratio of differences between comparator treatment groups in costs and health benefits, was considered the main cost-effectiveness measure.

Methods: A systematic review was conducted of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, ECONLIT, Cochrane Library and DARE databases up to the review date May 2021. Studies were reviewed for those reporting cost-effectiveness analyses on VA procedures including VP or BK for OVFs. Studies including only costs, abstracts, editorials, methodologies and reviews were not included. The selection of articles was reported in line with PRISMA guidance. A descriptive framework was developed to classify types of cost-effectiveness studies based on methodological differences and a structured narrative synthesis was used to summarize studies. Quality assessments were made with British Medical Journal checklist for individual cost-effectiveness studies and the CiCERO checklist for systematic reviews of cost-effectiveness studies.

Results: In this systematic review, 520 references were identified through database searching and 501 were excluded as ineligible by titles and abstract based on prior eligibility criteria. From full-text reviews of 19 reports, ten were identified as eligible for the systematic review evaluating cost-effectiveness of VA procedures for OVFs. All references were published between 2008 and 2020. The ten cost-effectiveness studies, three for VP, three for BK and four for both VP and BK, all involved CM for OVFs as a treatment comparator. The studies involved different methods of economic analysis, modeling assumptions, cost and health valuations conducted in different healthcare setting over different time periods. A framework for the review outlines key features of cost-effectiveness study designs consisting of unmatched, matched, or randomized controls involving cost-effectiveness (CEA) or cost-utility (CUA)) analyses. Both VP and BK were cost-effective alternatives to CM for OVFs with earlier health gains and significantly shorter hospital stays. Cost-effectiveness estimates, ICERs, remained relatively stable and within willingness-to-pay thresholds under a range of sensitivity analyses. Comparisons between VP and BK were variable depending on modeling assumptions, but generally the procedures had similar health benefit gains with VP having lower acute procedural costs.

Conclusions: Both VP and BK, have been shown to be cost-effective alternatives to CM for osteoporotic vertebral fractures in diverse cost-effectiveness studies conducted in multiple healthcare settings. Trial-based CUA contributed the strongest evidence supporting cost-effectiveness determination for VP and BK for OVFs.

Keywords: Balloon kyphoplasty; Conservative management; Cost-effectiveness; Osteoporotic vertebral fracture; Systematic review; Vertebral augmentation; Vertebroplasty.

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Read the original publication from Pubmed :

Cost-effectiveness studies of vertebral augmentation for osteoporotic vertebral fractures: A systematic review

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Abstract Background context: Osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVF) dramatically increase with age and are serious life altering adverse events for seniors resulting in increased rates of institutionalization, morbidity and mortality. Given the expanding population of the elderly and increasing prevalence of OVFs, cost-effective treatment strategies need to be considered. Percutaneous vertebral augmentation (VA) procedures such as…

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