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Correlation between blood glucose level and poor wound healing after posterior lumbar interbody fusion in patients with type 2 diabetes – Lumbar Fusion

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The article investigated the correlation between blood glucose levels and poor wound healing (PWH) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) who underwent posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) surgery. A case-control study was conducted on 400 T2D patients who underwent PLIF surgery, and their clinical data were analyzed. The study recorded various factors including blood glucose levels, glycated hemoglobin levels, protein levels, surgical time, and drainage volume. Patients with PWH were divided into two groups (good wound healing and poor wound healing) to compare blood glucose variability indicators between them. The study found significant differences between the two groups in terms of diabetes duration, fasting blood glucose levels, and blood glucose variability parameters. The findings suggest that reducing blood glucose variability may help reduce the occurrence of PWH in patients with T2D after PLIF surgery

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Published article

To investigate the correlation of blood glucose level with poor wound healing (PWH) after posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). From January 2016 to January 2023, a case-control study was conducted to analyse the clinical data of 400 patients with T2D who were treated by PLIF and internal fixation at our hospital. The following data were recorded: gender; age; body mass index (BMI); surgical stage; average perioperative blood glucose level;…

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Int Wound J. 2023 Aug 14. doi: 10.1111/iwj.14340. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTTo investigate the correlation of blood glucose level with poor wound healing (PWH) after posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). From January 2016 to January 2023, a case-control study was conducted to analyse the clinical data of 400,

Int Wound J. 2023 Aug 14. doi: 10.1111/iwj.14340. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

To investigate the correlation of blood glucose level with poor wound healing (PWH) after posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). From January 2016 to January 2023, a case-control study was conducted to analyse the clinical data of 400 patients with T2D who were treated by PLIF and internal fixation at our hospital. The following data were recorded: gender; age; body mass index (BMI); surgical stage; average perioperative blood glucose level; perioperative blood glucose variance; perioperative blood glucose coefficient of variation; glycated haemoglobin level; preoperative levels of total protein, albumin and haemoglobin; postoperative levels of total protein, albumin and haemoglobin; surgical time; intraoperative bleeding volume; operator; postoperative drainage volume; and postoperative drainage tube removal time of each group. The indicators for monitoring blood glucose variability (GV) included the SD of blood glucose level (SDBG), coefficient of variation (CV) and maximum amplitude of variation (LAGE) before and after surgery. According to the diagnostic criteria for PWH, patients with postoperative PWH were determined and assigned to two groups: Group A (good wound healing group; n = 330 patients) and Group B (poor wound healing group; n = 70 patients). The preoperative and postoperative blood GV indicators, namely SDBG, CV and LAGE, were compared between these two groups. We also determined the relationship between perioperative blood GV parameters and PWH after PLIF surgery and its predictive value through correlation analysis and receiver-operating characteristic curve. Of the 400 enrolled patients, 70 patients had PWH. Univariate analysis revealed significant differences between the two groups in the course of diabetes, mean fasting blood glucose (MFBG), SDBG, CV, LAGE, preoperative hypoglycaemic program, surgical segment, postoperative drainage time, incision length and other factors (p < 0.05). However, no significant differences were noted in factors such as gender, age, body mass index, hypertension, coronary heart disease, admission fasting blood glucose, preoperative haemoglobin A1c, surgical time, intraoperative bleeding volume, intraoperative blood transfusion volume and postoperative drainage volume (p > 0.05). The area under the curve (AUC) values of preoperative SDBG, CV and LAGE were 0.6657, 0.6432 and 0.6584, respectively. The cut-off values were 1.13 mmol/L, 6.97% and 0.75 mmol/L, respectively. The AUC values for postoperative SDBG, CV and LAGE were 0.5885, 0.6255 and 0.6261, respectively. The cut-off values were 1.94 mmol/L, 24.32% and 2.75 mmol/L, respectively. The multivariate ridge regression analysis showed that preoperative MFBG, SDBG, CV and LAGE; postoperative SDBG, CV and LAGE; postoperative long drainage time; and multiple surgical segments were independent risk factors for T2D patients to develop surgical site infection after PLIF (p < 0.05). The perioperative blood GV in patients with T2D is closely related to the occurrence of PWH after PLIF. Reducing blood GV may help to reduce the occurrence of PWH after PLIF.

PMID:37580856 | DOI:10.1111/iwj.14340

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Correlation between blood glucose level and poor wound healing after posterior lumbar interbody fusion in patients with type 2 diabetes

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Int Wound J. 2023 Aug 14. doi: 10.1111/iwj.14340. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTTo investigate the correlation of blood glucose level with poor wound healing (PWH) after posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). From January 2016 to January 2023, a case-control study was conducted to analyse the clinical data of 400

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