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Continuous femoral versus posterior lumbar plexus nerve blocks for analgesia after hip arthroplasty: a randomized, controlled study

BACKGROUND: Hip arthroplasty frequently requires potent postoperative analgesia, often provided with an epidural or posterior lumbar plexus local anesthetic infusion. However, American Society of Regional Anesthesia guidelines now recommend against epidural and continuous posterior lumbar plexus blocks during administration of various perioperative anticoagulants often administered after hip arthroplasty. A continuous femoral nerve block is a possible analgesic alternative, but whether it provides comparable analgesia to a continuous posterior lumbar plexus block after hip arthroplasty remains unclear. We therefore tested the hypothesis that differing the catheter insertion site (femoral versus posterior lumbar plexus) after hip arthroplasty has no impact on postoperative analgesia. METHODS: Preoperatively, subjects undergoing hip arthroplasty were randomly assigned to receive either a femoral or a posterior lumbar plexus stimulating catheter inserted 5 to 15 cm or 0 to 1 cm past the needle tip, respectively. Postoperatively, patients received perineural ropivacaine, 0.2% (basal 6 mL/hr, bolus 4 mL, 30-minute lockout) for at least 2 days. The primary end point was the average daily pain scores as measured with a numeric rating scale (0-10) recorded in the 24-hour period beginning at 07:30 the morning after surgery, excluding twice-daily physical therapy sessions. Secondary end points included pain during physical therapy, ambulatory distance, and supplemental analgesic requirements during the same 24-hour period, as well as satisfaction with analgesia during hospitalization. RESULTS: The mean (SD) pain scores for subjects receiving a femoral infusion (n = 25) were 3.6 (1.8) versus 3.5 (1.8) for patients receiving a posterior lumbar plexus infusion (n = 22), resulting in a group difference of 0.1 (95% confidence interval -0.9 to 1.2; P = 0.78). Because the confidence interval was within a prespecified -1.6 to 1.6 range, we conclude that the effect of the 2 analgesic techniques on postoperative pain was equivalent. Similarly, we detected no differences between the 2 treatments with respect to the secondary end points, with one exception: subjects with a femoral catheter ambulated a median (10th-90th percentiles) 2 (0-17) m the morning after surgery, in comparison with 11 (0-31) m for subjects with a posterior lumbar plexus catheter (data nonparametric; P = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: After hip arthroplasty, a continuous femoral nerve block is an acceptable analgesic alternative to a continuous posterior lumbar plexus block when using a stimulating perineural catheter. However, early ambulatory ability suffers with a femoral infusion

Keywords : administration & dosage,Adult,adverse effects,Aged,Amides,Analgesia,Analgesics,Anesthetics,Local,Anticoagulants,Arthroplasty,Arthroplasty,Replacement,Hip,California,Catheterization,diagnosis,Early Ambulation,etiology,Female,Femoral Nerve,Humans,Infusions,Parenteral,Lumbosacral Plexus,Male,methods,Middle Aged,Nerve Block,Pain,Pain Measurement,Pain,Postoperative,Patient Satisfaction,prevention & control,Prospective Studies,Ropivacaine,surgery,Surveys and Questionnaires,therapeutic use,therapy,Time Factors,Treatment Outcome,, Femoral,Versus,Posterior,Lumbar,Plexus, tramadol for period pain

Date of Publication : 2011 Oct

Authors : Ilfeld BM;Mariano ER;Madison SJ;Loland VJ;Sandhu NS;Suresh PJ;Bishop ML;Kim TE;Donohue MC;Kulidjian AA;Ball ST;

Organisation : Department of Anesthesiology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA. bilfeld@ucsd.edu

Journal of Publication : Anesth Analg

Pubmed Link : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21467563

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