[Comparison of the long-term outcomes of total arthroplasty and anterior spinal fusion in the treatment of cervical degenerative disc disease: a metaanalysis].
Zh Vopr Neirokhir Im N N Burdenko. 2019;83(6):100-110
Authors: Byval’tsev VA, Stepanov IA, Aliev MA, Aglakov BM, Yusupov BR, Konovalov NA
AIM: The study aim was to perform a meta-analysis based on the results of randomized clinical trials comparing long-term outcomes of total intervertebral disc arthroplasty (TA) and anterior cervical spinal fusion (ACSF) in the surgical treatment of cervical degenerative disc disease.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We searched Pubmed, EMBASE, ELibrary, and Cochrane Library databases for randomized clinical trials reported between 2008 and August 2018. The relative risk and 95% confidence interval were calculated for dichotomous variables; for continuous variables, we used the standardized mean difference and their 95% CI with application of a random effects model.
RESULTS: The metaanalysis involved 9 randomized controlled clinical trials including the long-term outcomes of surgical treatment in 2,439 patients. A pooled analysis of the data showed that regression of neurological symptoms (p<0.00001), improvement in the quality of life of patients (Neck Disability Index), and lower pain severity (visual analogue scale for upper extremities) were significantly more often observed (p=0.02) in the group of TA patients. In addition, the TA technique was characterized by a statistically significantly lower rate of re-surgery (p<0.0005) and degeneration of the superjacent segment (p<0.0001), with the rate of adverse events being slightly increased (p=0.04).
CONCLUSION: Compared to anterior cervical spinal fusion, TA of cervical intervertebral discs is characterized by significantly better clinical efficacy in patients with cervical degenerative disc disease in the long-term postoperative follow-up.
PMID: 32031173 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]