Comparison of Pedicle Screw Loosening Mechanisms and the Effect on Fixation Strength.
J Biomech Eng. 2015 Dec;137(12):121003
Authors: Mehmanparast H, Petit Y, Mac-Thiong JM
Screw loosening is a common complication in spinal fixation using pedicle screws which may lead to loss of correction and revision surgery. The mechanisms of pedicle screw loosening are not well understood. The purpose of this study was to compare the pedicle screw pullout force and stiffness subsequent or not to multidirectional cyclic bending load (toggling). Pedicle screws inserted into porcine lumbar vertebrae underwent toggling in craniocaudal (CC), mediolateral (ML) directions, and no toggling (NT) before pullout. This study suggests that toggling and in particular CC toggling should be included in biomechanical evaluation of pedicle screw fixation strength.
PMID: 26502116 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]