Clinical outcomes after treatment with disc prostheses in three lumbar segments compared to one- or two segments.
Int J Spine Surg. 2015;9:49
Authors: Berg S, Gillberg-Aronsson N
BACKGROUND: Fusion surgery in the rare patients suffering from symptomatic degenerative disc disease (DDD) at three segments has been reported to produce poor results and a high frequency of complications, why patients suffering from DDD at three segments are seldom offered surgical treatment.
PURPOSE: To compare clinical outcome after one- and two years, between patients that have undergone disc replacement surgery (TDR) at three segments and patients that have been treated at less segments.
METHODS: The present study is based on data recorded in the Swedish Spine Registry (SweSpine). The study group consisted of 30 patients who underwent three-segment TDR, the comparative group of 700 patients treated in one or two segments. Analyses included comparisons of preoperative data, postoperative results and improvement from baseline.
RESULTS: Our results showed no differences in outcome between groups at one- and two years postoperatively. Improvements achieved after surgery in both groups well exceeded established values for minimally clinically important difference (MCID).
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study show that patients with a diagnosis of therapy-resistant chronic low back pain (CLBP) due to DDD in one, two or even three lumbar segments achieve similar and good results after TDR surgery.
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The rare patients with severe and convincing DDD from three segments might in carefully selected cases be offered surgery, with a reasonable chance of a beneficial outcome.
PMID: 26512343 [PubMed]