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Chiropractic management of postsurgical lumbar spine pain: a retrospective study of 32 cases

OBJECTIVE: Although chiropractic manipulation is commonly used for low back pain, applying this procedure to the patient with postlumbar spine surgery has not been adequately studied. The purpose of this retrospective chart review is to report on the results of chiropractic management (including Cox flexion distraction technique) of patients with postsurgical lumbar spine pain to determine the change in reported pain based on surgical type. METHODS: Ten years of patient files from one chiropractic practice were electronically screened for lumbar spine surgery occurring before presenting for chiropractic care. Of the 58 patients with a postsurgical diagnosis, 32 files contained all pertinent components for this study including treatment with Cox flexion distraction manipulation (in addition to adjunct procedures) for at least 2 weeks and pretreatment and posttreatment pain measures using the Numeric Pain Scale (NPS) that ranged from 0 (no pain) to 10 (worst pain imaginable). RESULTS: A change was observed in the mean pretreatment and posttreatment NPS pain scores of 6.4 to 2.3, a reduction of 4.1 of 10. The mean number of treatments was 14, with a range of 6 to 31. When stratified by surgical type, the mean change in pain was most remarkable in patients who underwent a surgery that combined lumbar discectomy, fusion, and/or laminectomy, with an average NPS pain reduction of 5.7 of 10. No adverse events were reported for any of these postsurgical patients. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study showed improvement for patients with low back pain subsequent to lumbar spine surgery who were managed with chiropractic care

Keywords : Adult,adverse effects,Aged,Aged,80 and over,Back,Back Pain,Cohort Studies,Decompression,Surgical,diagnosis,etiology,Female,Follow-Up Studies,Humans,Laminectomy,Low Back Pain,Lumbar Vertebrae,Male,Manipulation,Chiropractic,Manipulation,Spinal,methods,Middle Aged,Pain,Pain Measurement,Pain,Postoperative,Patient Satisfaction,Patients,physiopathology,rehabilitation,Retrospective Studies,Severity of Illness Index,Spinal Fusion,Spine,surgery,Treatment Outcome,Young Adult,, Management,Postsurgical,Lumbar,Spine, temporal tendonitis

Date of Publication : 2011 Jul

Authors : Kruse RA;Cambron J;

Organisation : drkruse@aol.com

Journal of Publication : J Manipulative Physiol Ther

Pubmed Link : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21807265

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