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Blunt cerebrovascular trauma causing vertebral arteryd issection in combination with a laryngeal fracture: a case report

INTRODUCTION: The diagnosis and therapy of blunt cerebrovascular injuries has become a focus since improved imaging technology allows adequate description of the injury. Although it represents a rare injury the long-term complications can be fatal but mostly prevented by adequate treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: A 33-year-old Caucasian man fell down a 7-meter scarp after losing control of his quad bike in a remote area. Since endotracheal intubation was unsuccessfully attempted due to the severe cervical swelling as well as oral bleeding an emergency tracheotomy was performed on scene. He was hemodynamically unstable despite fluid resuscitation and intravenous therapy with vasopressors and was transported by a helicopter to our trauma center. He had a stable fracture of the arch of the seventh cervical vertebra and fractures of the transverse processes of C5-C7 with involvement of the lateral wall of the transverse foramen. An abort of the left vertebral artery signal at the first thoracic vertebrae with massive hemorrhage as well as a laryngeal fracture was also detected. Further imaging showed retrograde filling of the left vertebral artery at C5 distal of the described abort. After stabilization and reconfirmation of intracranial perfusion during the clinical course weaning was started. At the time of discharge, he was aware and was able to move all extremities. CONCLUSION: We report a rare case of a patient with vertebral artery dissection in combination with a laryngeal fracture after blunt trauma. Thorough diagnostic and frequent reassessments are recommended. Most patients can be managed with conservative treatment

Keywords : Arteries,Cerebrovascular Trauma,complications,diagnosis,Dissection,Germany,Hemorrhage,injuries,Patients,therapy,Thoracic Vertebrae,Time,Tracheotomy,Vertebral Artery,Vertebral Artery Dissection,, Cerebrovascular,Trauma,Causing,Vertebral,Artery, botox london cost

Date of Publication : 2011 Aug 15

Authors : Frink M;Haasper C;Ringe KI;Krettek C;Hildebrand F;

Organisation : Trauma Department, Hannover Medical School, Carl-Neuberg-Str, 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany. frink.michael@mh-hannover.de

Journal of Publication : J Med Case Rep

Pubmed Link : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21843321

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