Dorsal paddle leads implant for spinal cord stimulation through laminotomy with midline structures preservation.
Surg Neurol Int. 2012;3:164
Authors: Mearini M, Bergomi R, Panciani PP, Stefini R, Esposito G, Sicuri GM, Costi E, Ronchetti G, Fontanella M
BACKGROUND: Pain relief obtained with spinal cord stimulation (SCS) in failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) has been shown to be more effective with paddle leads than with percutaneous catheters. A laminectomy is generally required to implant the paddles, but the surgical approach may lead to iatrogenic spinal instability in flexion. In contrast, clinical and experimental data showed that a laminotomy performed through flavectomy and minimal resection of inferior and superior lamina with preservation of the midline ligamentous structures allowed to prevent iatrogenic instability. Aim of the study was to assess degree of instability and pain level in patients operated for SCS through laminectomy or laminotomy with midline structures integrity. The surgical technique is described and our preliminary results are discussed.
METHODS: Nineteen patients with FBSS underwent SCS, 12 through laminectomy and 7 through uni- or bilateral interlaminotomy with supraspinous ligament preservation. Postoperative local pain was evaluated at 15, 30, and 60 days. Static and dynamic X-rays were performed after 2 months.
RESULTS: The techniques allowed implanting the paddle leads in all cases. No intraoperative complications occurred. Local pain was higher and recovery time was longer in patients with laminectomy. We did not observe radiological signs of postoperative iatrogenic vertebral instability. Nevertheless, two patients who underwent laminectomy showed persistence of local pain after 2 months probably due to pathologic compensatory stability provided by the paraspinal musculature.
CONCLUSIONS: The laminotomy is a minimally invasive approach that ensures rapid recovery after surgery, spinal functional integrity, and complete reversibility. Further studies are needed to confirm our preliminary results.
PMID: 23372980 [PubMed]