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Bertolotti’s syndrome: an underdiagnosed cause for lower back pain.

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Bertolotti’s syndrome: an underdiagnosed cause for lower back pain.

J Surg Case Rep. 2018 Oct;2018(10):rjy276

Authors: Alonzo F, Cobar A, Cahueque M, Prieto JA

Bertolotti’s syndrome refers to the presence of pain associated to the anatomical variant of sacralization of the last lumbar vertebra. It is often a factor that is not addressed in the evaluation and treatment of lower back pain. The presence of a lumbosacral transitional vertebra is a common finding among general population with a prevalence that ranges between 4 and 30%, however, this finding is rarely associated to the cause of lower back pain and thus, the prevalence of Bertolotti’s syndrome in general population is unknown doe to underdiagnosis. The sacralization of the fifth lumbar vertebra has been related to changes in the anatomy and biomechanics of the spine with no general agreement to its clinical significance, however Bertolotti’s syndrome should be considered as a differential diagnosis for lower back pain, therefore, its pathophysiology, epidemiology and treatment must be a topic of general knowledge to physicians that often treat this condition.

PMID: 30356933 [PubMed]

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