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Balloon tibioplasty: a useful tool for reduction of tibial plateau depression fractures.

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Balloon tibioplasty: a useful tool for reduction of tibial plateau depression fractures.

J Orthop Trauma. 2012 Jul;26(7):e88-93

Authors: Pizanis A, Garcia P, Pohlemann T, Burkhardt M

Abstract
Reduction of the articular surface in displaced tibial plateau fractures is still challenging and may result in joint incongruence, leading to posttraumatic arthrosis. Conventional techniques use bone tamps and similar instruments, which can increase the surgical trauma due to their size. “Balloon tibioplasty” is a novel minimally invasive technique for the reduction of depressed tibial plateau fractures. We successfully applied an inflatable balloon, commercially available from kyphoplasty, to elevate the depressed articular fragments. This technique allowed for reduction of the depressed tibial plateau fragment without classic fenestration of the tibia, thereby minimizing surgical trauma. Furthermore, under fluoroscopic control, optimal centering of the expanding tibioplasty balloon allows a widespread and continuously increasing reduction force to the fracture area. After fluoroscopy or arthroscopic confirmation of reduction of the articular surface, the cavity resulting from tibioplasty was filled with ceramic bone cement through small incisions and fractures were fixed with a small fragment locking T-plate (3.5 mm). Balloon tibioplasty was applied in 5 patients with displaced tibial plateau fractures (OTA type B2/3). No intra- or postoperative complications were observed. This new technique may be a useful tool to facilitate the reduction of select depressed tibial fractures in the future.

PMID: 22430523 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

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