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Balloon Kyphoplasty Procedure

Kyphosis is an exaggerated forward bend of the back. Age-related kyphosis is often due to the weakness of the bones of the spine. This increases the risks of further fractures in the contiguous vertebrae. Kyphosis causes chronic pain, breathing problems, loss of appetite and sleeping problems.

What Is Balloon Kyphoplasty Surgery?

Balloon Kyphoplasty (BKP) is a minimally invasive surgery in the mid and lower back. A balloon, placed into the vertebral compression fracture, is inflated and filled with cement. The goal is achieving a right spine position and therefore alleviate pain.
Balloon Kyphoplasty Procedure

Which are the benefits?

Balloon Kyphoplasty Surgery:
  • Provides rapid pain relief.
  • Diminishes the need for pain-killer medication.
  • Enhances functional ability.
  • Improves the quality of life.
If we compare it with non-surgical conventional therapy, BKP decreases the risk of adjacent fractures. It also provides a lower risk of cement leakage when compared to vertebroplasty.

When do doctors recommend it?

This surgical procedure is indicated when the pain in your back and limbs is impacting negatively your life, and when conservative treatment (pain relief, physiotherapy) have not shown results. Also, when you have already tried a series of spinal injections, and they have not been effective.

 

What is the procedure?

First, the doctor gives you a general anaesthetic. Then, he performs a 1 cm incision in your back. X-ray screen allows viewing your spine.  The surgeon can now precisely create a very little pathway into the fractured vertebra, and inserts a special deflated balloon into the vertebral compression fracture.

After that, the surgeon inflates the balloon to correct the deformity. After removing the balloon, a cavity within the vertebra remains. The cavity is filled with bone cement to stabilise and fixate the fractured vertebra.

You will require a minimum two-night stay in Hospital. Following surgery, you will have to undergo a physiotherapy-based rehabilitation program.

 

Some Important Considerations

  • Not all vertebral fractures require surgery.
  • Surgery helps to get people better quicker.
  • Although there are risks (like in any other surgery), these are minimum.

 

Which are the risks?

The risk of significant complications is generally very low in expert hands. The risk of significant bleeding, infection, nerve injury, spinal fluid leak, paralysis, and pulmonary embolus is significantly less than 1% for each.

 

At The London Spine Unit, The Harley Street Hospital, we have some of the best specialists to perform these procedures. Book an appointment to get a check up.

Additional Links

Balloon Kyphoplasty Procedure | Neck specialist uk

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This surgical technique consists of a percutaneous approach for the treatment of small to medium size hernias of the intervertebral disc by laser energy. The main objective is to reduce the intradiscal pressure in the nucleus pulposus

Laser Disc Surgery can be performed under local anaesthetic as a day case at our centre on the prestigious Harley Street.
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